ABOUT DARSY’S LAW DURING FLUIDS MOTION IN THE MICRO-CRACKED CHANNELS

Keywords: micro-crack channel; microcrack opening; Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids; limiting yield stress; structural viscosity; “microcrack-fluid” effect

Abstract

Firstly it has been experimentally revealed that during fluid motion in the micro-cracked channel and in the equivalent porous medium an unknown additional resistance arises in the scientific technical literature that is the “microcrack-fluid” effect. It has been demonstrated that the determined “microcrack-fluid” effect is the cause of linear Darcy’s law violation in the micro-cracked channels.

It has been revealed in the work that during fluids moving in the microcracked channel there is a critical size of crack for the homogeneous fluid (water, viscous and anomalous fluids) and a hydrodynamic effect as so-called “microcrack-fluid” is manifested.

So for the first time we determined the critical value of opening − hcr on the basis of experimental investigations in cracks. It was found that at h<hcr the anomalous properties are manifested for viscous fluids and rheological parameters are increased for anomalous fluids, and at hhcr these effects disappear. It has been established that the reason of the anomalous behavior of fluids in the microcrack with h<hcr opening is the effect occurred in the “microcrack-fluid” system.

It is shown that microcrack with certain opening can be considered as a model but the ultra-low permeable porous medium is nature.

It has been determined that the critical value of the Reynolds number calculated for viscous and abnormal fluids in the microcracked channel and in the equivalent porous medium in the microcrack is Re<1.

The new fact about Darcy’s law violation during fluids flow in microcrack with h<hcr opening has been experimentally revealed i.e. micro-cracked effect of “microcrack-fluid” system is a cause of Darcy’s law violation.

It is recommended to taking into consideration the microcracked effect in the “fluid-medium” system for regulation and creation of the new technical and technological processes in the different branches of industry

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Author Biography

Maleyka Mammadova, Azerbaijan State Oil and Industry University

Department of Engineer and Computer Graphics

References

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Published
2020-09-30
How to Cite
MammadovaM. (2020). ABOUT DARSY’S LAW DURING FLUIDS MOTION IN THE MICRO-CRACKED CHANNELS. EUREKA: Physics and Engineering, (5), 3-11. https://doi.org/10.21303/2461-4262.2020.001386
Section
Chemical Engineering