THE MANAGEMENT OF CHARACTERISTICS OF THE NEW TWO-LAYER RUBBER MATRIX SEALS
Rubber seals for closing devices operating in cold climates degrade quickly in aggressive environments at very low temperatures. As a result, leaks and failures occur in the closure devices. Therefore, there is a great need to develop a new model of rubber seals and develop their scientific basis.
The article is devoted to increasing the sealing effect of rubber seals of machines and equipment, including closures, by introducing the anisotropy of the rubber matrix into its structure with control of the characteristics of hard closures obtained from rubber. For this purpose, new models of the gate valve design were obtained and new models of two-layer panel seals based on a modified rubber elastomer matrix are applied to these structures.
For this, a test program is carried out in the form of an analytical trajectory of large, medium and small constant curves in two closed forms based on characteristic deformations to study the anisotropy of matrix deformations. It is found that the eigenvector of the deformation anisotropy of the matrix is not in the load trajectory before it collapses, it arises with a delay. This delay slows down the rate of destruction.
This property of deceleration of the main eigenvector of the deformation anisotropy of the matrix is subjected to a very complex loading of the initial fields, in the latter sections it is also observed in samples No. 2, No. 3, tested along the trajectory of linear loading. This delay slows down the destruction rate.
Thus, the direction of the deceleration property of the main eigenvector can be considered quite common. This leads to an increase in its resistance to wear in a highly aggressive environment
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