A RESEARCH ON MULTI-OBJECTIVE OPTIMIZATION OF THE GRINDING PROCESS USING SEGMENTED GRINDING WHEEL BY TAGUCHI-DEAR METHOD
In this study, the mutil-objective optimization was applied for the surface grinding process of SAE420 steel. The aluminum oxide grinding wheels that were grooved by 15 grooves, 18 grooves, and 20 grooves were used in the experimental process. The Taguchi method was applied to design the experimental matrix. Four input parameters that were chosen for each experiment were the number of grooves in cylinder surface of grinding wheel, workpiece velocity, feed rate, and cutting depth. Four output parameters that were measured for each experimental were the machining surface roughness, the system vibrations in the three directions (X, Y, Z). The DEAR technique was applied to determine the values of the input parameters to obtaine the minimum values of machining surface roughness and vibrations in three directions. By using this technique, the optimum values of grinding wheel groove number, workpiece velocity, feed-rate, cutting depth were 18 grooves, 15 m/min, 2 mm/stroke, and 0.005 mm, respectively. The verified experimental was performed by using the optimum values of input parameters. The validation results of surface roughness and vibrations in X, Y, Z directions were 0.826 (µm), 0.531 (µm), 0.549 (µm), and 0. 646 (µm), respectively. These results were great improved in comparing to the normal experimental results. Taguchi method and DEAR technique can be applied to improve the quality of grinding surface and reduce the vibrations of the technology system to restrain the increasing of the cutting forces in the grinding process. Finally, the research direction was also proposed in this study
Herman, W. C. (1936). Pat. No. US2032362A. Segmental grinding wheel. Available at: https://patents.google.com/patent/US2032362A/en
Nguyen, T., Zhang, L. C. (2005). Modelling of the mist formation in a segmented grinding wheel system. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 45 (1), 21–28. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2004.06.019
Lee, K. W., Wong, P. K., Zhang, J. H. (2000). Study on the grinding of advanced ceramics with slotted diamond wheels. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 100 (1-3), 230–235. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0924-0136(00)00403-9
Jin, D. X., Meng, Z. (2004). Research for Discontinuous Grinding Wheel with Multi-Porous Grooves. Key Engineering Materials, 259-260, 117–121. doi: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/kem.259-260.117
Fan, X., Miller, M. (2004). Force Analysis for Segmental Grinding. Proc ASPE Annual Meeting, 3–6.
Handigund, P. B., Miller, M. H. (2011). Abrasive Wear and Forces in Grinding of Silicon Carbide. Michigan Technological University. Houghton, MI.
Phuong, N. T., Giang, N. T. P., Dong, N. T. (2017). Research on the Affect of Technologycal Parameters on Cutting Temperature When Machining use Segmented Grinding Wheel. International Journal of Electronics Communication and Computer Engineering, 8 (3), 208–212.
Phuong, N. T., Nguyen, G. P. T., Nguyen, D. T. (2017). A research on the effect of cuttıng parameters on cuttıng force ın flat grındıng usıng segmented grındıng wheel. Vietnam Journal of Science and Technology, 55 (6), 793–802. doi: https://doi.org/10.15625/2525-2518/55/6/8961
Ohashi, K., Tan, K., Ashida, T., Tsukamoto, S. (2015). Quick On-Machine Measurement of Ground Surface Finish Available for Mass Production Cylindrical Grinding Processes. International Journal of Automation Technology, 9 (2), 176–183. doi: https://doi.org/10.20965/ijat.2015.p0176
Takaya, Y. (2014). In-Process and On-Machine Measurement of Machining Accuracy for Process and Product Quality Management: A Review. International Journal of Automation Technology, 8 (1), 4–19. doi: https://doi.org/10.20965/ijat.2014.p0004
Nguyen, N.-T., Kao, Y.-C., Dung, H. T., Trung, D. D. (2020). A Prediction Method of Dynamic Cutting Forces and Machine-Tool Vibrations When Milling by Using Ball-End Mill Cutter. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, 47–54. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-37497-6_5
Nguyen, T.-L., Nguyen, N.-T., Hoang, L. (2020). A study on the vibrations in the external cylindrical grinding process of the alloy steels. International Journal of Modern Physics B, 34 (22n24), 2040150. doi: https://doi.org/10.1142/s0217979220401505 Marinescu, I. D., Hitchiner, M. P., Uhlmann, E., Rowe, W. B., Inasaki, I. (2006). Handbook of Machining with Grinding Wheels. CRC Press, 632. doi: https://doi.org/10.1201/9781420017649
Malkin, S., Guo, C. (2008). Grinding technology: Theory and Applications of Machining with Abrasives. Industrial press, 372.
Cao, Y., Guan, J., Li, B., Chen, X., Yang, J., Gan, C. (2013). Modeling and simulation of grinding surface topography considering wheel vibration. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 66 (5-8), 937–945. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-012-4378-7
Malkin, S. (1984). Grinding of metals: Theory and application. Journal of Applied Metalworking, 3 (2), 95–109. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02833688
Aini, R., Rahnejat, H., Gohar, R. (1990). A five degrees of freedom analysis of vibrations in precision spindles. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 30 (1), 1–18. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/0890-6955(90)90037-j
Liu, T., Deng, Z., Lv, L., She, S., Liu, W., Luo, C. (2020). Experimental Analysis of Process Parameter Effects on Vibrations in the High-Speed Grinding of a Camshaft. Strojniški Vestnik – Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 66 (3), 175–183. doi: https://doi.org/10.5545/sv-jme.2019.6294
Phadke, S. (1989). Quality Engineering Using Robust Design. Prentice Hall, 250.
Karna, S. K., Singh, R. V., Sahai, R. (2012). Application of Taguchi Method in Indian Industry. International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, 2 (11), 387–391.
Karna, S. K., Sahai, R. (2012). An Overview on Taguchi Method. International Journal of Engineering and Mathematical Sciences, 1, 11–18.
Manoj, M., Jinu, G. R., Muthuramalingam, T. (2018). Multi Response Optimization of AWJM Process Parameters on Machining TiB2 Particles Reinforced Al7075 Composite Using Taguchi-DEAR Methodology. Silicon, 10 (5), 2287–2293. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12633-018-9763-x
Muthuramalingam, T., Vasanth, S., Vinothkumar, P., Geethapriyan, T., Rabik, M. M. (2018). Multi Criteria Decision Making of Abrasive Flow Oriented Process Parameters in Abrasive Water Jet Machining Using Taguchi–DEAR Methodology. Silicon, 10 (5), 2015–2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12633-017-9715-x
Thangaraj, M., Loganathan, G. B., Atif, A., Palanisamy, S. (2019). Multi Response Optimization on Machining Titanium Alloy Using Taguchi-DEAR Analysis in Abrasive Water Jet Cutting. SAE Technical Paper Series. doi: https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-28-0070
Sandeep, M. J., Manjunath, P. G. C., Chate, G. R., Parappagoudar, M. B., Daivagna, U. M. (2019). Multi Response Optimization of Green Sand Moulding Parameters Using Taguchi-DEAR Method. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 895, 1–7. doi: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/amm.895.1
Reddy, V., Reddy, C. S. (2016). Multi Response Optimization of EDM of AA6082 Material using Taguchi- DEAR Method. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 7 (6), 215–219.
Muthuramalingam, T., Vasanth, S., Mohamed, R. M., Geethapriyan, T., Ramamurthy, A. (2016). Multi reponse Optimization of EDM Process Parameters using Assignments of Weight Method. International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology, 4 (26).
Copyright (c) 2021 Do Duc Trung, Nhu-Tung Nguyen, Dung Hoang Tien, Ha Le Dang
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the CREATIVE COMMONS copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.