Research on calculation of grinding surface roughness

Keywords: Predicted grinding surface roughness, abrasive grain tip radius, surface roughness


In machining processes, grinding is often chosen as the final machining method. Grinding is often chosen as the final machining method. This process has many advantages such as high precision and low surface roughness. It depends on many parameters including grinding parameters, dressing parameters and lubrication conditions. In grinding, the surface roughness of a workpiece has a significant influence on quality of the part. This paper presents a study of the grinding surface roughness predictions of workpieces. Based on the previous studies, the study built a relationship between the abrasive grain tip radius and the Standard marking systems of the grinding wheel for conventional and superabrasive grinding wheels (diamond and CBN abrasive). Based on this, the grinding surface roughness was predicted. The proposed model was verified by comparing the predicted and experimental results. Appling the research results, the surface roughness when grinding three types of steel D3, A295M and SAE 420 with Al2O3 and CBN grinding wheels were predicted. The predicted surface roughness values were close to the experimental values, the average deviation between predictive results and experimental results is 15.11 % for the use of Al2O3 grinding wheels and 24.29 % for the case of using CBN grinding wheels. The results of the comparison between the predicted model and the experiment show that the method of surface roughness presented in this study can be used to predict surface roughness in each specific case.

The proposed model was verified by comparing the predicted and measured results of surface hardness. This model can be used to predict the surface hardness when surface grinding


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Van Nga Tran Thi, University of Transport and Communications

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

Khanh Nguyen Lam, University of Transport and Communications

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

Cuong Nguyen Van, University of Transport and Communications

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering


Hecker, R. L., Liang, S. Y. (2003). Predictive modeling of surface roughness in grinding. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 43 (8), 755–761. doi:

Lal, G. K., Shaw, M. C. (1975). The Role of Grain Tip Radius in Fine Grinding. Journal of Engineering for Industry, 97 (3), 1119–1125. doi:

Part 2: Study of the Finish Produced in Surface Grinding (1967). Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Conference Proceedings, 182 (11), 179–194. doi:

Sato, K. (1955). On the surface roughness in grinding. Technology Reports, Tohoku University, 20, 59–70.

Yang, C., Shaw, M. C. (1955). The grinding of titanium alloys. Transactions of ASME, 77, 645–660.

Zhou, X., Xi, F. (2002). Modeling and predicting surface roughness of the grinding process. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 42 (8), 969–977. doi:

Basuray, P. K., Sahay, B., Lal, G. K. (1980). A simple model for evaluating surface roughness in fine grinding. International Journal of Machine Tool Design and Research, 20 (3-4), 265–273. doi:

Chiu, N., Malkin, S. (1993). Computer Simulation for Cylindrical Plunge Grinding. CIRP Annals, 42 (1), 383–387. doi:

Khare, S. K., Agarwal, S. (2015). Predictive Modeling of Surface Roughness in Grinding. Procedia CIRP, 31, 375–380. doi:

Agarwal, S., Venkateswara Rao, P. (2005). Surface Roughness Prediction Model for Ceramic Grinding. Manufacturing Engineering and Materials Handling, Parts A and B. doi:

Saxena, K. K., Agarwal, S., Das, R. (2016). Surface Roughness Prediction in Grinding: a Probabilistic Approach. MATEC Web of Conferences, 82, 01019. doi:

Novoselov, Y. K. (2012). The Dynamics of Formation of Surfaces in Abrasive Machining. Sevastopol: Publ. SevNTU, 304.

Novoselov, Y., Bratan, S., Bogutsky, V. (2016). Analysis of Relation between Grinding Wheel Wear and Abrasive Grains Wear. Procedia Engineering, 150, 809–814. doi:

Novoselov, Y., Bogutsky, V., Shron, L., Kharchenko, A. (2017). Forecasting the surface roughness of the workpiece in the round external grinding. MATEC Web of Conferences, 129, 01080. doi:

Malkin, S., Guo, C. (2008). Grinding Technology: Theory and Application of Machining with Abrasives. Industrial Press Inc., 372.

Marinescu, I. D., Hitchiner, M. P., Uhlmann, E., Rowe, W. B., Inasaki, I. (2006). Handbook of Machining with Grinding Wheels. CRC Press, 632. doi:

Bajkalov, A. K. (1978). Introduction to the Theory of Grinding Materials. Kyiv: Naukova dumka.

Maslov, E. N. (1974). Theory of Grinding Materials. Moscow: Mashinostroenie.

Murdasov, A. V., Wolff, A. M. (1967). Peculiarities of Working of Grinding Wheels from Abrasive Grains of Different Shapes. Abrasives and diamonds: scientific technical abstract collection, 4, 65‒69.

Vakser, D. B. (1960). The Influence of the Geometry of Abrasive Grains on the Properties of the Grinding Wheel. Moscow: Mashgiz.

Shaw, C. M. (1996). Principles of Abrasive Processing. Oxford University Press, 592.

Korolev, A. V., Novoselov, Yu. K. (1987). Theoretical and Probabilistic Basis of Abrasive Treatment. Saratov: Saratovsk. un-t.

El-Hofy, H. (2018). Fundamentals of Machining Processes. Conventional and Nonconventional Processes. CRC Press, 602. doi:

Structure of Grinding Wheel (Structure and Concentration) (2018). Noritake Technikal Journal, 1, 4–5. Available at:

Trung, D. D., Son, N. H. (2020). An experimental study on prediction of surface roughness in grinding. International Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering Research and Development, 10 (1), 47–58.

👁 38
⬇ 22
How to Cite
Tran Thi, V. N., Nguyen Lam, K., & Nguyen Van, C. (2022). Research on calculation of grinding surface roughness. EUREKA: Physics and Engineering, (1), 85-92.