Numerical simulation of reynolds number effect of a free incompressible isothermal turbulent coaxial jet
This paper studies the effect of Reynolds number on a two-dimensional free incompressible isothermal coaxial turbulent jet over a range of high Reynolds numbers. This is necessary because of its application in noise control and mixing. The Reynolds numbers at the nozzle exit were 9824, 19648, 29472, 39296 and 49120. The models were designed in ANSYS Design Modeler and the numerical simulation was done using a finite volume based Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) in ANSYS FLUENT using the two-dimensional Realizable turbulence model. The Governing equations were discretized using the finite volume method with the solution based on the PISO algorithm. The decay of centerline velocity, turbulent kinetic energy profile, the radial profile of axial velocity and similarity profile were investigated along the flow direction. Contour plot indicates that the velocity is high at the jet exit and decreases downstream due to the rapid mixing of the inner and outer jet and the surrounding fluid. It is found generally that Reynolds number plays significant role especially before self-similarity region. The result shows that increasing the Reynolds number give rise to more turbulence which in turn decreases the potential core length, turbulent kinetic energy and enhances the mixing of the fluid. However, at the jet exit, the flow with the lowest Reynolds number has the highest turbulent kinetic energy because it suffers the greater shear. The spreading of the jet was more or less independent of the Reynolds number beyond the self-similarity region. It is also found that the velocity profile is brought to congruence at about z/D=25 for the Reynolds numbers considered
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