The implementation of anthropometric measurement in designing the ergonomics work furniture
The productivity of an employee has a crucial role for the company. The higher the level of productivity, the higher the profit they can provide for the company. Ergonomic furniture is one of the supporting examples in increasing employee productivity. Designing ergonomic furniture is the effort taken by the company to boost the employee's productivity. The ergonomic furniture can provide comfort to the employee and minimize the occurrence of Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs). The provided coziness will increase the level of concentration so that the performance of the employee will be increased too. The existence of ergonomic furniture will offer benefits to the company. Therefore, companies are required to provide adequate facilities and infrastructure to support employee activities. One of the company's facilities is a table and chairs. Tables and chairs must be designed ergonomically, considering that both facilities will continually be used within 8 hours per day. This research aims to utilize anthropometric measurement as a design tool for ergonomic work furniture. The anthropometric measurement was conducted on 85 employees and used 11 body dimensions as a parameter. These body dimensions consist of a supine hand, sitting, forward pinch-grip reach, elbow height, shoulder width, pelvic width, buttock-knee length, knee height, shoulder height, sitting, length of elbow to toe, thigh clearance, and palm width. The 5th percentile was used for four dimensions in this research, while the rest used 95th. The results of this research are expected to minimize the possibility of various health problems caused by the un-ergonomic working furniture so that the employee's performance will be improved too
Dawal, S. Z. M., Ismail, Z., Yusuf, K., Abdul-Rashid, S. H., Md Shalahim, N. S., Abdullah, N. S., Mohd Kamil, N. S. (2015). Determination of the significant anthropometry dimensions for user-friendly designs of domestic furniture and appliances – Experience from a study in Malaysia. Measurement, 59, 205–215. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.measurement.2014.09.030
Reddy, J. V. (2015). Evaluation of Library Furniture and Anthropometric Characteristics of St. Mary’s Students for Ergonomics Design of Table and Chair. International Journal of Research Studies in Science, Engineering and Technology, 2 (5), 27–32. Available at: https://www.ijrsset.org/pdfs/v2-i5/4.pdf
Laal, F., Madvari, R. F., Balarak, D., Mohammadi, M., Dortaj, E., Khammar, A., Adineh, H. A. (2017). Relationship between musculoskeletal disorders and anthropometric indices among bus drivers in Zahedan city. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 24 (3), 431–437. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2017.1334335
Parvez, M. S., Rahman, A., Tasnim, N. (2019). Ergonomic mismatch between students anthropometry and university classroom furniture. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, 20 (5), 603–631. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/1463922x.2019.1617909
Taifa, I. W. R., Desai, D. A., Bulsara, N. M. (2019). The development of an ergonomically designed product through an integrated product team approach. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 27 (1), 160–178. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2018.1557398
Lale, K., Korhan, O. (2015). Reducing Perceived Musculoskeletal Discomfort in Office Employees through Anthropometric Computer Workstation Design. The Anthropologist, 21 (1-2), 39–45. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/09720073.2015.11891791
Silviana, Hardianto, A., Fuhaid, N., Hermawan, D. (2021). Designing the Ergonomic Press and Molding Machine of Cassava Chips for Sustainable Development in SMEs. Pertanika Journal of Science and Technology, 29 (3). doi: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjst.29.3.24
Hakim, S., Hardianto, A., Fuhaid, F., Hermawan, D. (2021). Ergonomic risk assessment of the press machine for casava chips in SMEs-Karya Lestari Jaya: A case study. Journal of Applied Engineering Science, 19 (2), 399–406. doi: https://doi.org/10.5937/jaes0-29097
Noshin, L., Sen Gupta, H., Kibria, G. (2018). Office Chair Design: A Systematic Approach of Ergonomic Design Based on the Anthropometric Measurement of Bangladeshi People. International Journal of Research in Industrial Engineering, 7 (2), 224–234, 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.22105/RIEJ.2018.128451.1040
Taifa, I. W., Desai, D. A. (2017). Anthropometric measurements for ergonomic design of students’ furniture in India. Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal, 20 (1), 232–239. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jestch.2016.08.004
Gyi, D., Masson, A., Hignett, S. (2019). Plus size and obese workers: anthropometry estimates to promote inclusive design. Ergonomics, 62 (9), 1234–1242. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2019.1622791
Jadhav, G. S., Shinde, G., Sawant, S. M., Jamadar, V. (2014). Ergonomic Evaluation Tools RULA and REBA Analysis: Case study. National Conference on Industrial Engineering and Technology Management. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Gurunath-Shinde/publication/279829402_Ergonomic_Evaluation_Tools_RULA_and_REBA_Analysis_Case_study/links/5858052808ae3852d25438ed/Ergonomic-Evaluation-Tools-RULA-and-REBA-Analysis-Case-study.pdf
Copyright (c) 2022 Silviana Silviana, Andy Hardianto, Dadang Hermawan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the Creative Commons CC BY copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons CC BY, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.