About the possibility of application of laser vacuum welding for the integration of elements of heat-protective structures from powder materials

Keywords: laser vacuum welding, strength of welded joint, dispersion-strengthened alloys, heat-shielding structures

Abstract

The results of studying the process of laser vacuum welding of elements of heat-shielding panels made of heat-resistant dispersion-strengthened powder materials Ni-20Cr-6Al-Ti-Y2O3 of increased strength are presented. Such materials can be used to create ultralight heat-shielding panels, which are systems integrated on the surface of aircraft from typical modules of a cellular structure.

Technical solutions of heat-insulating modules are considered, which are a cellular (honeycomb) structure consisting of two plates with a thickness of 0.1 to 0.14 mm, inside which there is a thin honeycomb filler. It is shown that the small thickness of the plates and the complexity of integrating the elements into a single system significantly impair the formation of a strong connection of such elements and do not allow the direct use of the known methods of diffusion welding or vacuum brazing.

It has been established that laser welding of elements of heat-shielding structures in vacuum provides satisfactory strength of the structure of the heat-shielding element as a whole. Local heating at certain points prevents deformation of the parts to be joined during the welding process. The use of a pulsed Nd:Yag laser with a power of 400–500 W, operating in the frequency range of 50–200 Hz, allows welding with or without a filler powder. It was found that the use of filler additives practically does not affect the mechanical properties of the welded joint, however, it reduces the melt zone, while increasing the density of the welded joint.

Based on the results obtained, it was concluded that it is possible to use laser vacuum welding for the integration of thin elements of heat-shielding modules. It is shown that a satisfactory joint strength is achieved by ensuring high cleanliness of the surfaces of elements before welding, maintaining a high vacuum (less than 10–2 Pa) and rational thermal loading of the surfaces of the elements to be integrated.

The use of the proposed process makes it possible to obtain a stronger and denser seam in comparison with the known methods of soldering multicomponent powder dispersion-strengthened materials

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Author Biographies

Walid Alnusirat, Al-Balqa Applied University

Department of Industrial Engineering

Alexandr Salenko, National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute"

Department of Machine Tools and Mahinery Systems

Olga Chencheva, Kremenchuk Mykhailo Ostrohradskyi National University

Department of Industrial Engineering

Sergii Shlyk, Kremenchuk Mykhailo Ostrohradskyi National University

Department of Manufacturing Engineering

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Published
2021-09-13
How to Cite
Alnusirat, W., Salenko, A., Chencheva, O., Shlyk, S., Gusarova, I., & Potapov, A. (2021). About the possibility of application of laser vacuum welding for the integration of elements of heat-protective structures from powder materials. EUREKA: Physics and Engineering, (5), 88-99. https://doi.org/10.21303/2461-4262.2021.001998
Section
Engineering