Analysis of GPON capacity by hybrid splitting-ratio base on customer segmentation for Indonesian market during the Covid-19 pandemic
During the Covid-19 pandemic, the impact on internet demand is very high throughout the world. In Indonesia, through a survey conducted, broadband users recorded 175 million people or equivalent to 64 % of the population. Based on field observations, the Passive Optical Network (PON) port utility in the Optical Line Terminal (OLT) is presently below 75 %, as opposed to the initial value, which was more than 95 % . Furthermore, it was also found that more than 80 % of IndiHome customers use a maximum bandwidth of 20 Mbps with majority using 10 Mbps, which is very ineffective, especially related to network capacity. Generally, passive Optical Distribution Network (ODN) devices are not optimally used, therefore this research aims to determine the optimization level of the FTTH network by maximizing the available infrastructure capacity. This process was carried out by increasing the associate ratio of 1:32 to 1:64 while taking into account the Optical Line Terminal (OLT) capacity factor and the standard link budget with schemas A, B and C used to obtain adequate efficiency. Scheme A consists of a 1:2 passive splitter in the Optical Distribution Cabinet (ODC) & 1:32 at the Optical Distribution Point (ODP). Scheme B consists of a 1:4 (ODC) & 1:16 (ODP) passive splitter, while scheme C consists of a 1:8 (ODC) & 1:8 (ODP) passive splitter intended for the use of different customer area types. The result showed an increase in network capacity from 32 to 64 per PON port while taking into account the technical quality of the Link Budget. In conclusion, to ensure this solution functions properly, both simulation and direct measurement tests are carried out using the existing network
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