Thermal characterization of straight and curve edge blade liquid fuel swirl burner
Accurate monitoring and controlling of the temperature in the combustion chamber can raise the burner efficiency, combustion intensity, fuel consumption and reduce pollutant emission. However, except combustion is accurately monitored and controlled, high concentration of pollutant gases and products like carbon monoxide (CO) and soot can form in the combustion chamber. This paper compares the combustion thermal profiles in a liquid fuel swirl burner using developed straight edge and curve edge blade swirlers at (20, 30, 40, 50 and 60)° for 6, 8, 10 and 12 number of blades in order to optimize the temperature of the burner. Measurements were made in straight and curve blades liquid fuel swirl burner in order to study and compare the thermal characteristics of the straight and curve edge blades in optimizing the combustion dynamics. Similarly, measurements were made for burner without swirl generator and the combustion temperature assessed. Thermal profile was measured in the direction of flow via the six axial ports at distance ((d) =150, 350, 550, 750, 950 and 1150 mm) from the burner exit using Chromium-Zinc thermocouple. Results showed that the wavelength and oscillation of temperature decay in the same type of blade followed the same trend and the peak of combustion intensity is nearer the nozzle for curve edge blades than the straight edge blade. Six (6) blades performed best with the highest temperature in all the ports, while 12 blades gave the least performance. Findings further show that curve edge blade swirlers gave better performance than straight edge blade swirlers with highest temperature of (1065 and 1015) °C, respectively. Hence, it is recommended especially where high temperature and stability application is desirable
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