Developing capacity sharing strategy for vehicular networks with integrated use of licensed and unlicensed spectrum

Keywords: 5G Cellular networks, unlicensed spectrum, NR-U, spectrum sharing, Mode selection


A widely deployed cellular network, supported by direct connections, can offer a promising solution that supports new services with strict requirements on access availability, reliability, and end-to-end (E2E) latency. The communications between vehicles can be made using different radio interfaces: One for cellular communication (i.e., cellular communication over the cellular network based on uplink (UL)/downlink (DL) connections) and the other for direct communication (i.e., D2D-based direct communications between vehicles which allows vehicular users (V-UEs) to communicate directly with others). Common cellular systems with licensed spectrum backed by direct communication using unlicensed spectrum can ensure high quality of service requirements for new intelligent transportation systems (ITS) services, increase network capacity and reduce overall delays. However, selecting a convenient radio interface and allocating radio resources to users according to the quality of service (QoS) requirements becomes a challenge. In this regard, let’s introduce a new radio resource allocation strategy to determine when it’s appropriate to establish the communication between the vehicles over a cellular network using licensed spectrum resources or D2D-based direct connections over unlicensed spectrum sharing with Wi-Fi. The proposed strategy aims at meeting the quality of service requirements of users, including reducing the possibility of exceeding the maximum delay restrictions and enhancing network capacity utilization in order to avoid service interruption. The proposed solution is evaluated by highlighting different conditions for the considered scenario, and it is demonstrated that the proposed strategy improves network performance in terms of transmitted data rate, packet success rate, latency, and resource usage


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Author Biographies

Haider Albonda, University of Technology

Department of Control and System Engineering

Kadhum Al-Majdi, Ashur University College

Department of Electronic and Communications

Bahaa Abbas, Swansea University

College of Engineering


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How to Cite
Albonda, H., Al-Majdi, K., & Abbas, B. (2022). Developing capacity sharing strategy for vehicular networks with integrated use of licensed and unlicensed spectrum. EUREKA: Physics and Engineering, (3), 149-158.