Simulation study of horizontal axis wind turbine using PVC pipe propeller with elbow tip

Keywords: HAWT, Propeller, PVC Pipe, Elbow Tip, Flap, Twist Blade, Torque, and CFD simulation


The potential of wind as an energy resource is still not widely used by the community through simple technology to produce electrical power. One simple technology is to use PVC pipe as the basic material for making wind turbine propellers. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of variations in angle of attack and wind speed on the performance of a PVC pipe propeller wind turbine with an Elbow Tip. Material of blade propeller made by PVC pipe are slice half and twist from hub until tip with 90 degree of rotation. Dimension of width blade wider on the hub (3/4 of circular) and smaller on the tip (1/7 of circular). Face of blade on the hub side facing wind direction (axial) and face of blade on the tip side facing tangential direction or opposite with rotation. On the tip side installed the slice elbow with fit tip blade width. The propeller using PVC pipe with elbow tip is the important part of new design which has been test with CFD simulation and wind tunnel research with best result performance. This research uses CFD simulation and experimental methods with a comprehensive study of the aerodynamic behaviour characteristics in and around the turbine rotor. The results of the CFD simulation was found that the phenomenon positioning of momentum force were place on the outer radius due to addition elbow tip cause increasing the torque. By using elbow tip on blade propeller PVC Pipe Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine with 15° and 30° angle of attack could increasing torque about 200 % than without the elbow tip. Beside, using 45° angle of attack although additional with elbow tip could not increasing the torque when the wind speed on 7 m/s. The result of this research is important to know by public who interest build small grid wind turbine with low cost and easy manufacturing.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Bagus Wahyudi, State Polytechnic of Malang

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Akhmad Faizin, State Polytechnic of Malang

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Andri Setiawan, State Polytechnic of Malang

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Sugeng Hadi Susilo, State Polytechnic of Malang

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Hangga Wicaksono, State Polytechnic of Malang

Department of Mechanical Engineering


Sanusi, A., Soeparman, S., Wahyudi, S., Yuliati, L. (2016). Experimental Study of Combined Blade Savonius Wind Turbine. International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, 6 (2). doi:

Multazam, T., Putri, R. I., Pujiantara, M., Priyadi, A., Hery, M. (2016). Wind Farm Site Selection Base On Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process Method; Case Study Area Nganjuk. Proceeding International Seminar on Intelligent Technology and Its Applications. doi:

Tavner, P., Edwards, C., Brinkman, A., Spinato, F. (2006). Influence of Wind Speed on Wind Turbine Reliability. Wind Engineering, 30 (1), 55–72. doi:

Monteiro, J. P., Silvestre, M. R., Piggot, H., Andre, J. C. (2013). Wind Tunnel Testing of a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Rotor and Comparison with Simulations from Two Blade Element Momentum Codes. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 123, 99–106. doi:

Murugan, N., Umama heswari, M., Vimal, S. I., Sivashanmugam, P. (2012). Experimental Investigation on Power Output in Aged Wind Turbines. Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 4. doi:

Abdelwaly, M., El-Batsh, H., Hanna, M. B. (2019). Numerical study for the flow field and power augmentation in a horizontal axis wind turbine. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 31, 245–253. doi:

Lalouni, S., Rekioua, D., Idjdarene, K., Tounzi, A. (2015). Maximum Power Point Tracking Based Hybrid Hill-Climb Search Method Applied to Wind Energy Conversion System, Electric Power Components and Systems, 43 (8-10), 1028–1038. doi:

Hoang, A. D., Yang, C. J. (2014). Design and Performance Evaluation of a 10kW Scale Counter-Rotating Wind Turbine Rotor. Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, 20 (1), 104–112. doi:

Khalil, Y., Tenghiri, L., Abdi, F., Bentamy, A. (2019). Improvement of aerodynamic performance of a small wind turbine. Wind Engineering, 44 (1), 21–32. doi:

Ceruti, A. (2019). Meta-heuristic multidisciplinary design optimization of wind turbine blades obtained from circular pipes. Engineering with Computers, 35, 363–379. doi:

Cai, X., Gu, R., Pan, P., Zhu, J. (2016). Unsteady aerodynamics simulation of a full-scale horizontal axis wind turbine using CFD methodology. Energy Conversion and Management, 112, 146–156. doi:

Rathod, V. K., Kamdi, S. Y. (2014). Design of PVC Blade Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine for Low Wind Speed Region. International Journal of Engineering Research and Application, 4 (7), 139–143.

Rathod, V. K., Kamdi, S. Y. (2014). Design and Fabrication of PVC Bladed Inexpensive Wind Turbine. Journal Mechanical and Civil Engineering, 11 (4), 114–119. doi:

Li, Y., Castro, A. M., Sinokrot, T., Prescott, W., Carrica, P. M. (2015). Coupled multi-body dynamics and CFD for wind turbine simulation including explicit wind turbulence. Renewable Energy, 76, 338–361.

Abdulqadir, S. A., Iacovides, H., Nasser, A. (2016). The physical modelling and aerodynamics of turbulent flows around horizontal axis wind turbines. Energy, 119, 767–799. doi:

Lin, Y.-T., Chiu, P.-H., Huang, C.-C. (2017). An experimental and numerical investigation on the power performance of 150 kW horizontal axis wind turbine. Renewable Energy, 113, 85–93. doi:

Schuble, P. J., Crossley, R. J. (2012). Wind Turbine Blade Design. Energies, 5, 3425–3449. doi:

Ragheb, M., Ragheb, A. M. (2011). Wind Turbines Theory – The Betz Equation and Optimal Rotor Tip Speed Ratio. Fundamental and Advanced Topics in Wind Power. doi:

J. Bartl, and L. Sætran, 2016, Blind test comparison of the performance and wake flow between two in-line wind turbines exposed to different atmospheric inflow conditions, Wind Energy Sci. Discuss., DOI:10.5194/wes2016-31, in review, 2016

Wahyudi, B., Sudarmadji, S., Sarjiyana, S., Maskuri, M. (2021). Web innovation in horizontal wind pipe turbine propeller. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 1073 (1). doi:

The PVC pipe propeller wind turbine using Elbow Tip on position wind tunnel testing

👁 99
⬇ 84
How to Cite
Wahyudi, B., Faizin, A., Setiawan, A., Susilo, S. H., & Wicaksono, H. (2022). Simulation study of horizontal axis wind turbine using PVC pipe propeller with elbow tip. EUREKA: Physics and Engineering, (5), 67-76.