A MULTI-MARKER MODEL FOR PREDICTING DECOMPENSATED HEART FAILURE IN PATIENTS WITH PRIOR ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
The aim of the study was to assess the prognostic value of determining the plasma concentration of NT-proBNP and ST2 in the patients with decompensated HF and prior acute myocardial infarction and their combination in this category of patients.
Materials and methods. There were examined 120 patients with acute myocardial infarction and stage II A-B decompensated chronic HF according to the classification proposed by Vasylenko V. Kh. and Strazhesko M.D., NYHA functional class (FC) III-IV. The patients with Q-QS wave MI (60 individuals) and non Q MI (60 individuals) were divided into 4 groups depending on the treatment methods.
Study groups were homogenous by age, gender, disease severity, duration of the post-infarction period, clinical signs of decompensation, which served as a basis for inclusion of the patients in the study.
All the patients underwent the six-minute walk test in a quiet 30-50-m long hospital corridor in the morning. N-terminal pro-B-type brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and ST-2 were analyzed in all patients.
Results. Promising biomarkers of HF decompensation in the post-infarction period were studied. In the patients with prior Q-QS MI and decompensated HF, NT-proBNP level was (950.38±3.15) pmol/l (p<0.05); in the patients with prior MI without signs of decompensated HF, it was (580.15±3.03) pmol/l (p˂0.05); in apparently healthy individuals, the level of NT-proBNP was found to be (111.20±3.47) pmol/l.
ST2 level was (14.80±1.61) ng/ml, (36.00±1.43) ng/ml and (49.22±1.40) ng/ml in the patients of Group 1, Group 2 and Group 3, respectively (p˂0.05).
Similar changes were found in patients with decompensated HF in postinfarction period after non Q MI.
Conclusions. The increase in plasma concentration of sST2 is associated with the activation of both neurohumoral and fibrous pathways and can help in detecting the patients with decompensated HF in the post-infarction period and predicting the risk of its development.
Our results confirmed the results of other multiple studies reporting ST2 in combination with NT-proBNP to be valuable tools for prognosing the development of decompensated HF in the patients with prior MI. ST2, alongside with NT-proBNP, is a promising biomarker to be included in the diagnostic panel for detecting acute HF and can provide additional information on risk stratification for such patients during hospitalization and at the time of discharge from the hospital.
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