DOES THE TERM OF DEFINITIVE OSTEOSYNTHESIS OF MULTIPLE LONG BONE FRACTURES OF LOWER EXTREMITIES IMPACT ON TREATMENT OUTCOMES IN POLYTRAUMA PATIENTS

Keywords: polytrauma, long bone fractures, definitive osteosynthesis, complication, outcomes

Abstract

The aim: to determine the timing impact of definitive multiple long bone fracture osteosynthesis of lower extremities on complications development, duration of Mechanical Ventilation (MV), Length of Stay in Intensive Care Unit (LOS-ICU), Hospital length of Stay (H-LOS) in patients with polytrauma treated according to Damage Control Orthopedics (DCO).

Materials and methods: a prospective controlled non-randomized trial in parallel groups conducted in polytrauma department of Kyiv City Clinical Hospital No. 17 from February 2016 to January 2020, which included 107 adult patients with polytrauma, multiple long bone fractures of lower extremities, one of which femur treated according to DCO.

The patients were divided into two groups: Group I included 51 patients who underwent definitive osteosynthesis of long bone fractures of lower extremities after patient condition stabilization ≥24 hours ≤5 days; Group II included 56 patients who underwent definitive osteosynthesis of long bone fractures of lower extremities during the period >5 days after injury.

Results: there were no statistically significant differences between Group I and Group II patients in demographics, injury mechanism, trauma severity and general patient condition. Group I patients who underwent osteosynthesis from 2nd to 5th days after injury had lower pneumonia incidence, compared to Group II patients (17.6 % vs. 26.8 %, p=0.047), shorter MV duration (9.3±6.9 vs. 14.9±9.1, p=0.048), ICU-LOS (13.5±8.3 vs. 19.1±11.0, p=0.037), and H-LOS (30.3±13.9 vs. 38.9±15.5, p=0.046).

Conclusion: performing definitive multiple fracture osteosynthesis of lower extremity long bones after polytrauma patient stabilization from 2nd to 5th days after injury allowed to reduce the frequency of pneumonia, shorten the duration of MV, LOS-ICU and H-LOS, compared with its implementation after 5th days

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Author Biographies

Olexandr Burianov, Bogomolets National Medical University

Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics

 
Sergii Dubrov, Bogomolets National Medical University; Kyiv City Clinical Hospital No. 17

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care;

Intensive Care Unit

Taras Omelcheko, Bogomolets National Medical University

Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics

 
Volodymyr Lianskorunskyi, Bogomolets National Medical University; Kyiv City Clinical Hospital No. 17

Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics;

Department of Polytrauma

Viktor Lykhodii, Bogomolets National Medical University

Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics

 
Myroslav Vakulych, Bogomolets National Medical University

Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics

 

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Published
2020-07-31
How to Cite
Burianov, O., Dubrov, S., Omelcheko, T., Lianskorunskyi, V., Lykhodii, V., & Vakulych, M. (2020). DOES THE TERM OF DEFINITIVE OSTEOSYNTHESIS OF MULTIPLE LONG BONE FRACTURES OF LOWER EXTREMITIES IMPACT ON TREATMENT OUTCOMES IN POLYTRAUMA PATIENTS. EUREKA: Health Sciences, (4), 24-31. https://doi.org/10.21303/2504-5679.2020.001332
Section
Medicine and Dentistry