The relationship between physical activity and polypharmacy with Ikigai in a population

Keywords: aged, polypharmacy, exercise, humans, mental health, Japan, female, demography


The aim: The Japanese word “ikigai” indicates “something to live for” and “having a purpose in life”. Ikigai or well-being, has been associated with many positive outcomes in the physical and mental health of elderly people. In this study, the relationship between ikigai and level of physical activity and polypharmacy was examined in a Turkish population.

Material and methods: Both telephonic interviews and face-to-face interviews were conducted with 307 participants (59.2 % women) who completed the Ikigai-9 Turkey Scale and provided demographic information.

Results: Correlations between groups (polypharmacy vs. non-polypharmacy) were analyzed with an independent t-test and analysis of variance. The means of the ikigai scores were statistically significant in the polypharmacy (24.04±8.72) and non-polypharmacy 32.64±7.53) groups (p<0.05). The number of drugs used was negatively correlated with duration of exercise per week (1.32±1.82, correlation coefficient = 0.538, p<0.05).

Conclusions: The level of ikigai was negatively correlated with polypharmacy and positively correlated with duration of physical activity. An individual’s ikigai should be assessed by healthcare providers to maximize positive outcomes later in life


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Author Biographies

Tahir Belice, Bozyaka Training and Research Hospital

Department of Internal Diseases

Nejla Ozkan Yildirim, Bozyaka Training and Research Hospital

Department of Internal Diseases

Utkucan Gursoy, Bozyaka Training and Research Hospital

Department of Internal Diseases

Okan Güleryüz, Bozyaka Training and Research Hospital

Department of Internal Diseases

Ismail Demir, Bozyaka Training and Research Hospital

Department of Internal Diseases

Arif Yüksel, Bozyaka Training and Research Hospital

Department of Internal Diseases


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How to Cite
Belice, T., Yildirim, N. O., Gursoy, U., Güleryüz, O., Demir, I., & Yüksel, A. (2022). The relationship between physical activity and polypharmacy with Ikigai in a population. EUREKA: Health Sciences, (2), 3-9.
Medicine and Dentistry