Life satisfaction in the caregivers of schizophrenia and factors associated with it: a cross sectional study from South India
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by distortions of thinking and perception, in the process of care giving the caregivers are faced with many challenges. These challenges have a significant impact on the life satisfaction of caregivers. The study investigates various factors associate with life satisfaction in caregivers of schizophrenia
The aim: 1. To evaluate the socio-demographic correlates associated with life satisfaction in the care givers of schizophrenia.
- To evaluate the association between life satisfaction with resilience, anxiety, stress, depression perceived social support, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and perceived stigma in the care takers of schizophrenia patients.
Material and methods. In cross sectional study, 513 care takers of schizophrenia were evaluated using semi-structured socio demographic perfoma, DASS-21, Connor-Davidson Resilience 25 item scale, Self Esteem Scale (Rosenberg), The Satisfaction with Life Questionnaire and family stigma stress scale.
Result. The study showed that background of the caregiver, socioeconomic status, family type, education and marital status are significantly positive correlated with life satisfaction. The study also showed significant positive correlation between resilience, perceived social support, self-esteem and self-efficacy with life satisfaction. There is also significant negative correlation between perceived stigma, anxiety stress and depression with life satisfaction.
Conclusion. The study showed that life satisfaction in the care givers of schizophrenia depends on different biopsychosocial variables. There is strong positive correlation between self-esteem, other person support and resilience with life satisfaction, whereas there is moderate positive correlation between self-efficacy, family support and friend support with life satisfaction. There is significant negative correlation between stress, anxiety, depression, and stigma with life satisfaction. We recommended psycho educational interventional programmes in the community level which help to increase resilience self-esteem and self-efficacy. Such programmes also decrease the stigma which in turn increases the social support to the caregivers
Copyright (c) 2022 Arunima Rajendran, Yashwant Gurushanthappa, Shilpa Akkineni
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