Aspects of sexual life that are associated with the occurrence of depressive disorders and autonomic dysfunction among medical students of National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya

Keywords: sexual debut, sexual life, sexual activity, sexual partner, permanent sexual partner, sexual satisfaction, autonomic dysfunction, depressive disorders, autonomic nervous system

Abstract

Depressive disorders are widespread nowadays. First of all, this was affected by social isolation related to covid-19, and starting from 2022 – the war in our country. Depression and sexual life are connected and important, because a person with a depressive disorder cannot fully live a social and sexual life. As a result, the birth rate in the country and the population in general decreases. Therefore, the issue of studying the occurrence of depressive disorders in young sexually active and inactive people is extremely relevant.

The aim. The main objective of this work was to explore the different areas of sexual life of residents and its association with mental health. Additionally, differences in sexual life and mental health (depression) based on gender were also analyzed.

Materials and methods. An anonymous survey of 506 medical students of NPMMU, V has been conducted using a questionnaire that included 25 questions on various aspects of the sexual life of the respondents. The analysis of the obtained results of the study was carried out on the basis of the computer programme “Statistica 6.1” using nonparametric methods to evaluate obtained results.

The results. We found a statistically significant association between sexual activity and condition of mental health. Results regarding young adults, presented lower levels of sexual satisfaction and greater depression, whereas young women also exhibited higher levels of depression.

Conclusions. Sexual life has a positive effect on the mental and psychological health of respondents. This information should be conveyed to young people.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Oksana Kucherenko, National Pirogov Memorial Medical University

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology No. 1

Hryhorii Chaika, National Pirogov Memorial Medical University

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology No. 1

References

Dworkin, R. H., Corbin, A. E., Young, J. P., Sharma, U., LaMoreaux, L., Bockbrader, H. et al. (2003). Pregabalin for the treatment of postherpetic neuralgia: A randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Neurology, 60 (8), 1274–1283. doi: https://doi.org/10.1212/01.wnl.0000055433.55136.55

Schumacher, S., Kirschbaum, C., Fydrich, T., Ströhle, A. (2013). Is salivary alpha-amylase an indicator of autonomic nervous system dysregulations in mental disorders? – A review of preliminary findings and the interactions with cortisol. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 38 (6), 729–743. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2013.02.003

Cuthbert, B. N., Insel, T. R. (2013). Toward the future of psychiatric diagnosis: the seven pillars of RDoC. BMC Medicine, 11 (1). doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/1741-7015-11-126

Grippo, A. J., Cushing, B. S., Carter, C. S. (2007). Depression-Like Behavior and Stressor-Induced Neuroendocrine Activation in Female Prairie Voles Exposed to Chronic Social Isolation. Psychosomatic Medicine, 69 (2), 149–157. doi: https://doi.org/10.1097/psy.0b013e31802f054b

Alarcon, R. D. (1992). Synopsis of Psychiatry: Behavioral Sciences and Clinical Psychiatry, 6th ed. American Journal of Psychiatry, 149 (7), 972–974. doi: https://doi.org/10.1176/ajp.149.7.972

Levine, S. B., Risen, C. B., Althof, S. E. (Eds.) (2011). Handbook of clinical sexuality for mental health professionals. Routledge. doi: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203877920

Abdallah, R. T., Simon, J. A. (2007). Testosterone therapy in women: its role in the management of hypoactive sexual desire disorder. International Journal of Impotence Research, 19 (5), 458–463. doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijir.3901558

Luyten, P., Fonagy, P. (2018). The stress–reward–mentalizing model of depression: An integrative developmental cascade approach to child and adolescent depressive disorder based on the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) approach. Clinical Psychology Review, 64, 87–98. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2017.09.008

Meuleman, E. J. H., van Lankveld, J. J. D. M. (2005). Hypoactive sexual desire disorder: an underestimated condition in men. BJU International, 95 (3), 291–296. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-410x.2005.05285.x

Stahl, S. M. (2021). Stahl's essential psychopharmacology: neuroscientific basis and practical applications. Cambridge university press. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108975292

Wincze, J. P., Weisberg, R. B. (2015). Sexual dysfunction: A guide for assessment and treatment. Guilford Publications.

Umberson, D., Thomeer, M. B., Williams, K., Aneshensel, C. S., Phelan, J. C., Bierman, A. (2013). Handbook of the Sociology of Mental Health. Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research.

Umberson, D., Williams, K.; Aneshensel, C. S., Phelan, J. C. (Eds.) (1999). Family status and mental health. Handbook of the Sociology of Mental Health.

Sánchez-Fuentes, M. del M., Santos-Iglesias, P., Sierra, J. C. (2014). A systematic review of sexual satisfaction. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 14 (1), 67–75. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/s1697-2600(14)70038-9

Cardila Fernández, F., Martos Martínez, Á., Barragán Martín, A. B., Pérez-Fuentes, M. D. C., Molero Jurado, M. D. M., Gázquez Linares, J. J. (2015). Prevalencia de la depresión en España: Análisis de los últimos 15 años. European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education, 5 (2), 267–279. doi: https://doi.org/10.30552/ejihpe.v5i2.118

Karavidas, M. K., Lehrer, P. M., Vaschillo, E., Vaschillo, B., Marin, H., Buyske, S. et al. (2007). Preliminary Results of an Open Label Study of Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback for the Treatment of Major Depression. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 32 (1), 19–30. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10484-006-9029-z

Martínez-Otero Pérez, V. (2014). Ansiedad en estudiantes universitarios: estudio de una muestra de alumnos de la Facultad de Educación. Ensayos: revista de la Escuela Universitaria de Formación del Profesorado de Albacete.

Orgilés, M., Méndez, X., Espada, J. P., Carballo, J. L., Piqueras, J. A. (2012). Síntomas de trastornos de ansiedad en niños y adolescentes: Diferencias en función de la edad y el sexo en una muestra comunitaria. Revista de Psiquiatría y Salud Mental, 5 (2), 115–120. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rpsm.2012.01.005

Zahn-Waxler, C., Shirtcliff, E. A., Marceau, K. (2008). Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence: Gender and Psychopathology. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 4 (1), 275–303. doi: https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.3.022806.091358

Bresin, K., Schoenleber, M. (2015). Gender differences in the prevalence of nonsuicidal self-injury: A meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 38, 55–64. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2015.02.009

Bor, W., Dean, A. J., Najman, J., Hayatbakhsh, R. (2014). Are child and adolescent mental health problems increasing in the 21st century? A systematic review. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 48 (7), 606–616. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/0004867414533834

Patel, V., Flisher, A. J., Hetrick, S., McGorry, P. (2007). Mental health of young people: a global public-health challenge. The Lancet, 369 (9569), 1302–1313. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(07)60368-7

Coles, M. E., Ravid, A., Gibb, B., George-Denn, D., Bronstein, L. R., McLeod, S. (2016). Adolescent mental health literacy: Young people's knowledge of depression and social anxiety disorder. Journal of Adolescent Health, 58 (1), 57–62. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.09.017

Meier, A. M. (2007). Adolescent First Sex and Subsequent Mental Health. American Journal of Sociology, 112 (6), 1811–1847. doi: https://doi.org/10.1086/512708

Hallfors, D. D., Waller, M. W., Bauer, D., Ford, C. A., Halpern, C. T. (2005). Which Comes First in Adolescence – Sex and Drugs or Depression? American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 29 (3), 163–170. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2005.06.002

Jamieson, L. K., Wade, T. J. (2010). Early Age of First Sexual Intercourse and Depressive Symptomatology among Adolescents. The Journal of Sex Research, 48 (5), 450–460. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2010.509892

Sabia, J. J. (2006). Does early adolescent sex cause depressive symptoms? Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 25 (4), 803–825. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/pam.20209

Savioja, H., Helminen, M., Fröjd, S., Marttunen, M., Kaltiala-Heino, R. (2015). Sexual experience and self-reported depression across the adolescent years. Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine, 3 (1), 337–347. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/21642850.2015.1101696

Spriggs, A. L., Halpern, C. T. (2008). Sexual Debut Timing and Depressive Symptoms in Emerging Adulthood. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 37 (9), 1085–1096. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-008-9303-x

Borges, A. L. V., Schor, N. (2005). Início da vida sexual na adolescência e relações de gênero: um estudo transversal em São Paulo, Brasil, 2002. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 21 (2), 499–507. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/s0102-311x2005000200016

Sanchez, D. T., Phelan, J. E., Moss-Racusin, C. A., Good, J. J. (2011). The Gender Role Motivation Model of Women’s Sexually Submissive Behavior and Satisfaction in Heterosexual Couples. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38 (4), 528–539. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167211430088

Alberga, A. S., Sigal, R. J., Goldfield, G., Prud’ homme, D., Kenny, G. P. (2012). Overweight and obese teenagers: why is adolescence a critical period? Pediatric Obesity, 7 (4), 261–273. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2047-6310.2011.00046.x

Bär, K.-J., Berger, S., Metzner, M., Boettger, M. K., Schulz, S., Ramachandraiah, C. T., Terhaar, J. et al. (2009). Autonomic Dysfunction in Unaffected First-Degree Relatives of Patients Suffering From Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 36 (5), 1050–1058. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbp024

Kiviruusu, O., Berg, N., Huurre, T., Aro, H., Marttunen, M., Haukkala, A. (2016). Interpersonal Conflicts and Development of Self-Esteem from Adolescence to Mid-Adulthood. A 26-Year Follow-Up. PLOS ONE, 11 (10), e0164942. doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0164942

Miasoid, P. A. (2004). Zahalna psykholohiia. Kyiv: Vyshcha shkola.

Kucherenko, O., Chaika, H., Dan, N. (2022). Distribution of vegetative dysfunctions and depressive positions among sexually active students and students without sexual debut of National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya. Reports of Vinnytsia National Medical University, 26 (2), 311–315. doi: https://doi.org/10.31393/reports-vnmedical-2022-26(2)-24

Kucherenko, O., Chaika, H., Dan, N., Masik, O. (2022). Actual problems of sexual knowledge among students of National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya. Reports of Vinnytsia National Medical University, 26 (1), 119–124. doi: https://doi.org/10.31393/reports-vnmedical-2022-26(1)-22

Labockij, V. V. (2006). Upravlenye znanyiamy (tekhnolohyy, metodы, sredstva predstavlenyia, yzvlechenyia y yzmerenyia znanyi). Mynsk: Sovremennaia shkola.

Kucherenko, O. (2022). Factors associated with academic performance among sexually active and inactive international students of National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya (2022). Věda a perspektivy, 8 (15), 215–224. doi: https://doi.org/10.52058/2695-1592-2022-8(15)-215-224

Kucherenko O., Chaika H. (2022). Comparative Characteristics of the Prevalence of Autonomic Dysfunction and Depressive Disorders Among Sexually Active and Inactive Foreign Students of National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya. Acta Scientific Gastrointestinal Disorders, 5 (9), 26–33. doi: https://doi.org/10.31080/asgis.2022.05.0479

Whitton, S. W., Weitbrecht, E. M., Kuryluk, A. D., Bruner, M. R. (2013). Committed Dating Relationships and Mental Health Among College Students. Journal of American College Health, 61 (3), 176–183. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2013.773903

Carcedo, R. J., Fernández-Rouco, N., Fernández-Fuertes, A. A., Martínez-Álvarez, J. L. (2020). Association between Sexual Satisfaction and Depression and Anxiety in Adolescents and Young Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (3), 841. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030841

Mendle, J., Ferrero, J., Moore, S. R., Harden, K. P. (2013). Depression and adolescent sexual activity in romantic and nonromantic relational contexts: A genetically-informative sibling comparison. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 122 (1), 51–63. doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/a0029816

Vasilenko, S. A. (2017). Age-varying associations between nonmarital sexual behavior and depressive symptoms across adolescence and young adulthood. Developmental Psychology, 53 (2), 366–378. doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/dev000022

Aspects of sexual life that are associated with the occurrence of depressive disorders and autonomic dysfunction among medical students of National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya

👁 39
⬇ 35
Published
2022-07-31
How to Cite
Kucherenko, O., & Chaika, H. (2022). Aspects of sexual life that are associated with the occurrence of depressive disorders and autonomic dysfunction among medical students of National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya. EUREKA: Health Sciences, (4), 57-66. https://doi.org/10.21303/2504-5679.2022.002648
Section
Medicine and Dentistry