EXPRESS PREDICTION OF EXTERNAL DISTINCTIVE FEATURES OF PERSON USING THE PROGRAM OF DERMATOGLYPHICS FOR PREDICTION

  • Natalia Kozan Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University
  • Julia Kotsyubinskaya Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University
  • Galina Zelenchuk Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University
Keywords: Forensic Medicine, identification, dermatoglyphic parameters, artificial neural network, Program Dermatoglyphics for Prediction

Abstract

The aim of our study was to investigate the current state of computer identification applications, such as artificial neural networks. The material of our study were antroposcopic and anthropometric parameters obtained from 180 male and females aged 18–55 years living in the Ivano-Frankivsk region and belonging to Boiko, Lemko or Hutsul ethno-territorial group. Prints of comb pattern of the toes obtained by scanning with Futronic's FS80 USB2.0 Fingerprint Scanner using the program ftrScanApiEx.exe. followed by the transfer of data to a personal computer. For statistical processing of the obtained data we use STATISTICA 12 from the company StatSoft. Construction of neural networks was carried out using Neural Networks. As a result of our research there was carried out the prediction of anthropometric and antroposcopic parameters (ethno-territorial and gender belonging, etc.) through the use of dermatoglyphic parameters of the hands and feet in 180 people living in the Ivano-Frankivsk region. The proposed method allowed to obtain the results with a forecasts probability 73–90 %. The use of above algorithm of actions allowed a 50 % increase of quality of identification of unknown person for using dermatoglyphic method and 67 % facilitatation of the process of identification (of quantitative and qualitative calculations, determining correlations between parameters) in comparison with previously known manner. Therefore, our proposed method can be used as an express diagnostics of common phenotypic traits of the person (ethno-territorial affiliation, gender, etc.) at admission of mass victims (natural disasters, acts of terrorism, armed conflicts, man-made disasters, etc.), it doesn’t not require a long time for conducting, specially trained staff and is inexpensive.Conclusions: The possibility of predicting external-recognizing features of a person such as etno-racial belonging, sex, anthropometric and antroposcopic parameters will allow widely use dermatoglyphic method at the level with other methods in conducting forensic identification of impersonal, fragmented and putrefactive modified corpses.

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Author Biographies

Natalia Kozan, Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University

Department of Pathomorphology and Forensic Medicine

Julia Kotsyubinskaya, Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University

Department of Pathomorphology and Forensic Medicine

Galina Zelenchuk, Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University

Department of Pathomorphology and Forensic Medicine

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Published
2017-05-25
How to Cite
Kozan, N., Kotsyubinskaya, J., & Zelenchuk, G. (2017). EXPRESS PREDICTION OF EXTERNAL DISTINCTIVE FEATURES OF PERSON USING THE PROGRAM OF DERMATOGLYPHICS FOR PREDICTION. EUREKA: Health Sciences, (3), 26-32. https://doi.org/10.21303/2504-5679.2017.00329
Section
Medicine and Dentistry