INVESTIGATION OF POTATO STORAGE QUALITY DEPENDING ON VARIETY PECULIARITIES

Keywords: potato tubers, storage quality, mass losses, commodity product output, variety peculiarity, ripeness group

Abstract

The aim of the research was to analyze an influence of variety peculiarities, different ripeness groups of potato of Dutch selection on storage quality.

It has been established, that the output of commodity products in early varieties is in average 88.22±1.53 %, in middle-ripening ones – 96.87±1.09. Among the group of early-ripening varieties, there must be separated Kristina with the output of commodity products at the end of storage as 90.15 %. The lowest output of commodity products is in the variety of Tornado – 87.09. The variation coefficient of the commodity products output is 1.9 %, that is the commodity products output varies little. In the group of middle-ripening variety, higher storage quality was observed in varieties Elekta and Setanta. The commodity products output was 92.97 and 92.2 9 % respectively.

Natural mass losses for the period of storage in tubers of all varieties were in average 4.2 %, among them 72.9 % at the expanse of moisture evaporation, and 27.1 % – at the expanse of breathing. In the group of early varieties, mass losses varied from 4.1 % in the variety Kristina to 5.1 % in the variety Banda. Variation coefficient 7.4 % testifies to the small fluctuation of mass losses in the studied potato varieties.

In the group of middle-ripening potato varieties, mass losses varied with the middle force, variation coefficient 19.5 %. The lower mass loss was observed in the potato variety Elekta as 3.28 %.

Total losses for 6.5 months of storage were 11.78±1.53 in potatoes of the early varieties and 7.91±1.09 in the middle-ripening potato varieties.

Losses were distributed in such a way: in the early varieties 39.6 % are natural losses, 34.4 – technical spoilage and 26 % – absolute spoilage. In the group of middle-ripening potato varieties there was observed the ratio of typical and total losses: natural losses were 47.3 %, technical spoilage 32.0 %, absolute spoilage 20.7 %

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Author Biographies

Ludmila Pusik, Kharkiv Petro Vasylenko National Technical University of Agriculture

Department of technologies of processing of food production

Vlаdimir Pusik, http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5028-9461

Department of Agrotechnology and Ecology

Gennadii Postnov, Kharkiv Petro Vasylenko National Technical University of Agriculture

Department of Technologies for Processing and Food Industries

Iryna Safronska, Lugansk National Agrarian University

Department of Management, Statistics and Economic Analysis

Nina Lyubymova, Kharkiv National Agrarian University named after V. V. Dokuchaev

Department of Forest Management and Life Safety

Galyna Sukhova, Kharkiv National Agrarian University named after V. V. Dokuchaev

Department of Crop Production

Nataliia Ilina, Kharkiv Petro Vasylenko National Technical University of Agriculture

Teacher

Department of Equipment and Engineering of Processing and Food Industries

Yana Hrynova, Kharkiv National Agrarian University named after V. V. Dokuchaev

PhD, Associate Professor

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Published
2020-11-30
How to Cite
Pusik, L., Pusik, V., Postnov, G., Safronska, I., Lyubymova, N., Sukhova, G., Ilina, N., & Hrynova, Y. (2020). INVESTIGATION OF POTATO STORAGE QUALITY DEPENDING ON VARIETY PECULIARITIES. EUREKA: Life Sciences, (6), 23-31. https://doi.org/10.21303/2504-5695.2020.001524
Section
Agricultural and Biological Sciences