INVESTIGATION OF THE INFLUENCE OF UHF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD ON THE OUTPUT OF ROLLED GROATS OF WHEAT SPELT

Keywords: water-thermal processing, microwave irradiation, wheat spelt, groats output, culinary estimation

Abstract

Wheat spelt is a promising crop. A high food value and high-quality biochemical composition of grains make wheat spelt favorably remarkable for groats production. Preservation of the food value is an important task of food production, but regimes of grain processing must provide good culinary quality and consumption safety.

The aim of our work is to study regimes of irradiation and humidification of wheat spelt grains, influencing the output and culinary quality of the ready product; development of recommendations as to production of rolled groats.

There is studied an influence of different regimes of water-thermal processing on the total output of groats and rolled groats of the highest sort. The reliable connection between the output of rolled groats of the higher sort and duration of irradiation by the electromagnetic field of the ultrahigh frequency and grain humidification has been established. No essential connection as been established between humidification and the total output of groats.

The duration increase of UHF-irradiation (>120–140 s) conditions the essential growth of dust middlings and decrease of rolled groats of the highest sort. The long-term irradiation (180 s) conditions the decrease of groats boiling duration by 17 % comparing with the short-term processing (20 s).

The established influences of the factors are preconditions for transferring obtained technological solutions and their use under conditions of existing groats factories of different productivity

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Author Biographies

Nina Osokina, Uman National University of Horticulture

Department of Technology of Storage and Processing of Grain

Vitalii Liubych, Uman National University of Horticulture

Department of Technology of Storage and Processing of Grain

Volodymyr Novikov, Uman National University of Horticulture

Department of Technology of Storage and Processing of Grain

Ivan Leshchenko, Uman National University of Horticulture

Department of Technology of Storage and Processing of Grain

Vasyl Petrenko, Institute of Food Resources of National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine

Laboratory of Grain Milling and Bakery Technology

Svitlana Khomenko, The V.M. Remeslo Myronivka Institute of Wheat National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine

Spring Wheat Breeding Laboratory

Viktor Zorunko, Odessa State Agricultural Experiment Station National Academy of Agrarian Sciences

Department of Plant Protection, Genetics and Breeding

Oleksandr Balabak, The National Dendrological Park "Sofiyivka" of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Department of Genetics, Selection and Reproductive Biology of Plants

Valentyn Moskalets, Selection and Technological Department

Institute of Horticulture of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences

Tatiana Moskalets, Institute of Horticulture of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences

Selection and Technological Department

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Published
2020-11-30
How to Cite
Osokina, N., Liubych, V., Novikov, V., Leshchenko, I., Petrenko, V., Khomenko, S., Zorunko, V., Balabak, O., Moskalets, V., & Moskalets, T. (2020). INVESTIGATION OF THE INFLUENCE OF UHF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD ON THE OUTPUT OF ROLLED GROATS OF WHEAT SPELT. EUREKA: Life Sciences, (6), 47-57. https://doi.org/10.21303/2504-5695.2020.001533
Section
Food Science and Technology