INVESTIGATION OF CARROT FOOD VALUE DEPENDING ON SORT PECULIARITIES AND ITS CHANGE AT STORAGE

Keywords: carrot, sort, storage term, food value, losses, chemical composition components

Abstract

A food value of carrot roots is determined by a content of such chemical composition components as dry substance, ascorbic acid, carotene and other. The carrot value is also determined by its ability to be stored for a long time. The research aim was to study a food value change of different carrot sorts at storage open in boxes. The research gives an ability to search a carrot sort, suitable for long storage, and also to search arrangements for better preservation of carrot nutritiousness at storage.

It has been established, that the dynamics and intensity of losses of the roots’ food value depends on sort peculiarities. Thus, during 7.5 months of storage sorts Daryna, Shantane KL and Nant Kharkiv lost from 0.92 to 4.12 % of dry substance. The content of total sugar decreased by 0.16 and 0.77 % of its initial content in sorts Daryna and Nant Kharkiv, whereas Shantane demonstrated the content increase at the end of storage by 0.29 %. The same tendency was observed also by changes of the content of monosaccharides and saccharose.

The content of ascorbic acid and carotene during storage varied from increase to decrease. At the end of storage losses of ascorbic acid and carotene were 1.43–1.93 and 3.42–4.26 mg/100 g respectively. The content of nitrates at the end of storage in Daryna roots remained at the initial level – 202 mg/kg of the humid mass, in Shantane and Nant Kharkiv it decreased by 18 and 26 % respectively.

At that it must be noted, that the processes of nutritiousness changes were more intensive in Daryna and Nant Kharkiv roots. In Shantane the carrot roots content changes of chemical composition components were slower.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Ludmila Pusik, Kharkiv Petro Vasylenko National Technical University of Agriculture

Department of technologies of processing of food production

Vlаdimir Pusik , Kharkiv Petro Vasylenko National Technical University of Agriculture

Department of Agrotechnology and Ecology

Veronika Bondarenko , Kharkiv Petro Vasylenko National Technical University of Agriculture

Department of Agrotechnology and Ecology

Ludmila Gaevaya, Kharkiv National Agrarian University named after V.V. Dokuchaev

Department of fruit and vegetable and storage

Natalja Kyruchina, Institute of Vegetable and Melon Growing of National Agrarian Academy of Sciences

Laboratory of selection of biennial and rare crops

Нalyna Slobodyanyk, Uman national university of horticulture

Department of Vegetable Growing

Serhii Shchetyna , Uman national university of horticulture,

Department of Vegetable Growing

Maryna Shchetyna , Uman national university of horticulture

Department of Ecology and Life Safety

Lidiіa Kononenko, Uman national university of horticulture

Department of Crop Production

References

Massaglia, S., Borra, D., Peano, C., Sottile, F., Merlino, V. (2019). Consumer Preference Heterogeneity Evaluation in Fruit and Vegetable Purchasing Decisions Using the Best–Worst Approach. Foods, 8 (7), 266. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8070266

Barrett, D. M., Beaulieu, J. C., Shewfelt, R. (2010). Color, Flavor, Texture, and Nutritional Quality of Fresh-Cut Fruits and Vegetables: Desirable Levels, Instrumental and Sensory Measurement, and the Effects of Processing. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 50 (5), 369–389. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/10408391003626322

Maggio, A., De Pascale, S., Paradiso, R., Barbieri, G. (2013). Quality and nutritional value of vegetables from organic and conventional farming. Scientia Horticulturae, 164, 532–539. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2013.10.005

Da Silva Dias, J. C. (2014). Nutritional and Health Benefits of Carrots and Their Seed Extracts. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 05 (22), 2147–2156. doi: https://doi.org/10.4236/fns.2014.522227

Matějková, J., Petříková, K. (2010). Variation in Content of Carotenoids and Vitamin C in Carrots. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 2 (4), 88–91. doi: https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb245108

Azam, A., Khan, I., Mahmood, A., Hameed, A. (2013). Yield, chemical composition and nutritional quality responses of carrot, radish and turnip to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 93 (13), 3237–3244. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.6165

Verma, R. S., Padalia, R. C., Chauhan, A. (2014). Chemical composition variability of essential oil during ontogenesis of Daucus carota L. subsp. sativus (Hoffm.) Arcang. Industrial Crops and Products, 52, 809–814. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2013.12.012

State register of plant varieties suitable for dissemination in Ukraine in 2018 (2018). Kyiv, 447. Available at: https://www.sops.gov.ua/uploads/page/5aa63108e441e.pdf

Larsen, H., Wold, A.-B. (2016). Effect of modified atmosphere packaging on sensory quality, chemical parameters and shelf life of carrot roots (Daucus carota L.) stored at chilled and abusive temperatures. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 114, 76–85. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2015.11.014

Workneh, T. S., Osthoff, G., Steyn, M. S. (2011). Physiological and chemical quality of carrots subjected to pre-and postharvest treatments. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6 (12), 2715–2724. Available at: https://academicjournals.org/article/article1380904857_Workneh%20and%20Osthoff.pdf

Sánchez, T., Dufour, D., Moreno, J. L., Pizarro, M., Aragón, I. J., Domínguez, M., Ceballos, H. (2013). Changes in extended shelf life of cassava roots during storage in ambient conditions. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 86, 520–528. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2013.07.014

Saltveit, M. E. (2019). Respiratory Metabolism. Postharvest Physiology and Biochemistry of Fruits and Vegetables, 73–91. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-813278-4.00004-x

Adu-Kwarteng, E., Sakyi-Dawson, E. O., Ayernor, G. S., Truong, V.-D., Shih, F. F., Daigle, K. (2013). Variability of Sugars in Staple-Type Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas) Cultivars: The Effects of Harvest Time and Storage. International Journal of Food Properties, 17 (2), 410–420. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/10942912.2011.642439

Leroy, G., Grongnet, J. F., Mabeau, S., Corre, D. L., Baty-Julien, C. (2010). Changes in inulin and soluble sugar concentration in artichokes (Cynara scolymusL.) during storage. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 90 (7), 1203–1209. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3948

Bondarenko, H. L., Yakovenko, K. I. (Eds.) (2001). Metodyka doslidnoi spravy v ovochivnytstvi i bashtannytstvi. Kharkiv: Osnova, 368.

DSTU 7035:2009. Morkva svizha. Tekhnichni umovy (2010). Kyiv.

Dzheneev, S. Yu. et. al.; Dzheneev, S. Yu., Ivanchenko, V. I. (Ed.) (1998). Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po hraneniyu plodov, ovoshchey i vinograda (organizatsiya i provedenie issledovaniy). Yalta: Institut vinograda i vina “Magarach”, 152.

DSTU:ISO 874-2002. Frukty ta ovochi svizhi. Vidbyrannia prob (2003). Kyiv.

DSTU: ISO 751:2004. Produkty pereroblennia fruktiv i ovochiv. Metod vyznachannia sukhykh rechovyn, nerozchynnykh u vodi (kontrolnyi metod).

DSTU 4954:2008. Produkty pereroblennia fruktiv ta ovochiv. Metody vyznachannia tsukriv (2009). Kyiv.

Naichenko, V. M., Zamorska, I. L. (2010). Tekhnolohiya zberihannia i pererobky plodiv ta ovochiv. Uman: Sochinskyi, 327.

DSTU 4948:2008. Frukty, ovochi ta produkty yikh pereroblennia. Metody vyznachennia vmistu nitrativ (2009).

DSTU 4305:2004. Frukty, ovochi ta produkty yikh pereroblennia. Metody vyznachannia vmistu karotynu.


👁 60
⬇ 31
Published
2021-02-03
How to Cite
Pusik, L., Pusik , V., Bondarenko , V., Gaevaya, L., Kyruchina, N., SlobodyanykН., Shchetyna , S., Shchetyna , M., & Kononenko, L. (2021). INVESTIGATION OF CARROT FOOD VALUE DEPENDING ON SORT PECULIARITIES AND ITS CHANGE AT STORAGE . EUREKA: Life Sciences, (1), 17-24. https://doi.org/10.21303/2504-5695.2020.001588
Section
Food Science and Technology