SPECIFIC COMPOSITION OF CHICKPEA PESTS IN THE FOREST-STEPPE OF UKRAINE

Keywords: chickpea, specific composition, phytophagan, monitoring, entomocomplex, pests, pests-phytophagans, polyphagans, phytosanitary condition, number counting

Abstract

The research aim is to improve the system of chickpea protection from pests, based on clarification of their specific composition and harmfulness under conditions of Forest-Steppe of Ukraine.

In modern field crop rotations leguminous crops cultivation favors optimization of the phytosanitary condition of agrocoenosis, and new agrarian production is provided by the effective demand for grain at not only internal, but also external markets. At that climate changes with global warming and long droughty vegetation periods of leguminous crops testify to the importance of searching for new adapted crops, resistant sorts and improved technological cultivation methods of crops, especially, chickpea, essentially influencing grain economy in whole both in Ukraine and EU.

Thus, it has been established, that ordinary chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is an economically, phytomedically and ecologically expedient crop from both aspects of soil fertility increase and control of the harmful organisms complex that, in its turn, it worth special attention, so sowing areas, occupied by it, are completely important. Soil-climatic conditions of Ukraine are optimal for cultivating native highly productive chickpea sorts, not inferior to foreign ones with the potential yielding capacity as 2.5–3.0 t/ha.

The authors elucidate one of main control peculiarities of the insects-phytophagans under new agriculture systems. It is typical, that chickpea is a comparatively new crop in the Forest-steppe of Ukraine and doesn’t favor the development, propagation and number increase of specialized pests’ species. It is noted, that due to fluffing and extraction of organic acids by leaves, chickpea manifests protective properties as to pests of leaves and generative organs. But chickpea is damaged by polyphagans with harvest losses in several variants up to 50% that testifies to the elaboration topicality of modern system of crops protection from phytophagans at resource-saving cultivation technologies

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Author Biographies

Mykola Dolia, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor

Department of Integrated Protection and Plant Quarantine

Anna Kovalska, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

Postgraduate Student

Department of Integrated Protection and Plant Quarantine

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Published
2021-02-03
How to Cite
Dolia, M., & Kovalska, A. (2021). SPECIFIC COMPOSITION OF CHICKPEA PESTS IN THE FOREST-STEPPE OF UKRAINE . EUREKA: Life Sciences, (1), 3-8. https://doi.org/10.21303/2504-5695.2021.001631
Section
Agricultural and Biological Sciences