Agroecological influence of micronutrient fetilizers and seed inoculation on a soybean crop

Keywords: variety, inoculation, trace elements, symbiotic nitrogen fixation, biological cultivation, grain yield

Abstract

The practical experience substantiates the need to treat soybean seeds with high-quality inoculants and VuksalKoMo 15 with the trace elements content of cobalt and molybdenum. The processes of inoculation of seeds in the form of rhizobial bacteria significantly improve the soy plants ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen in the early stages of development. We begin to observe the rhizobial formation on the corinium soybean system already at the stage of BBCH 12–13. This in turn will affect the yield and productivity of Rosin soybeans.

One of the important aspects of soybean cultivation is providing not only macroelements, NPK, Ca, S, but also microelements.

Carrying out experiments on the effect of seed inoculation on soybean yield, we combined an inoculant, VuksalKoMo preparation and Sdandak Top insecticidal fungicide preparation with a sowing period of up to 5–7 days in a tank mixture. One of the main requirements is the use of high-quality inoculants with a high content of viable nitrogen-fixing bacteria for processing soybean seeds. This, in turn, will ensure high yields of soybeans with optimal costs and the fastest return on investment, especially in today's conditions.

The research results are aimed at solving urgent problems in the technology of growing leguminous crops, namely: developing a version of the technology for growing soybeans for the selection of varieties, adapted to a given climatic zone, the use of inoculants and micronutrients in the conditions of climate change

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Inna Fedoruk, State Agrarian and Engineering University in Podilia

Department of Crop Production and Forage Production

Oleg Bakhmat, State Agrarian and Engineering University in Podilia

Department of Ecology, Quarantine and Plant Protection

Yuri Khmelianchyshyn, State Agrarian and Engineering University in Podilia

Department of Crop Production and Forage Production

Olesia Gorodyska, State Agrarian and Engineering University in Podilia

Department of Agrochemistry, Chemical and General Biological Disciplines

References

Petrychenko, V. F., Lykhochvor, V. V. (2014). Roslynnytstvo. Tekhnolohiyi vyroshchuvannia silskohospodarskykh kultur. Lviv: NFF «Ukrainski tekhnolohiyi», 492.

Shevnikov, M. Ya., Koblai, O. O. (2015). Zastosuvannia biolohichnykh, khimichnykh ta fizychnykh zasobiv u tekhnolohiyakh vyroshchuvannia soi ta kukurudzy. Poltava: FOP Kriukov Yu.F., 228.

Babych, A. O. (2000). Produktyvnyi potentsial sortiv soi dlia rehioniv Ukrainy. Propozytsiya, 11, 38–39.

Lihochvor, V. (2008). Osobennosti listovoy podkormki. Zerno, 5, 48–53.

Marchuk, I. (2009). Suchasni dobryva – na varti vrozhaiu. Propozytsiya, 4, 42–45.

Moskalets, V. V., Shynkarenko, V. K. (2004). Zastosuvannia mikrobnykh preparativ i mikroelementnykh dobryv na yakist zerna soi. Ahroekolohichnyi zhurnal, 3, 19–24.

Bakhmat, M. I., Bakhmat, O. M. (2001). Rozrobka tekhnolohichnykh zakhodiv dlia otrymannia ekolohichnoho zerna soi v umovakh Zakhidnoho Lisostepu. Kormy i kormovyrobnytstvo, 47, 105–106.

Bakhmat, O. M., Fedoruk, I. V. (2017). Formation of Soybean Grain Yield Depending on Measures Adaptive Technology Under Westen Forest Steppe. Podilian Bulletin: agriculture, engineering, economics, 26 (1), 9–16.

Singha, G. (Ed.) (2014). Soya: biologiya, proizvodstvo, ispol'zovanie. Ludhiana: Zerno, 650.

Petrychenko, V. F., Lykhochvor, V. V., Ivaniuk, S. V. et. al. (2016). Soia. Vinnytsia: Dilo, 392.

Babych, A. O., Babych-Poberezhna, A. A. (2011). Selektsiya, vyrobnytstvo, torhivlia i vykorystannia soi v sviti. Kyiv, 548.

Fedoryk, I. V. (2019). Impact of seed inoculation on soy crop. Taurian Scientific Herald, 108, 110–116. doi: https://doi.org/10.32851/2226-0099.2019.108.15

Melnyk, S. I., Zhylkin, V. A., Havryliuk, M. M. et. al. (2007). Rekomendatsiyi z efektyvnoho zastosuvannia mikrobnykh preparativ u tekhnolohiyakh vyroshchuvannia silskohospodarskykh kultur. Kyiv, 55.

Vid khoroshoho do krashchoho. Inokulianty kompaniyi BASF (2015). Ahrobiznes sohodni. Available at: http://agro-business.com.ua/2017-09-29-05-56-43/item/2231-vid-khoroshoho-do-krashchoho-inokulianty-kompanii-basf.html

Babich, A. A. (1974). Sortovaya reaktsiya soi na sroki poseva, izmenenie gustoty rasteniy i usloviya pitaniya. Doklady VASHNIL, 10, 14–17.


👁 13
⬇ 14
Published
2021-04-01
How to Cite
Fedoruk, I., Bakhmat, O., Khmelianchyshyn, Y., & Gorodyska, O. (2021). Agroecological influence of micronutrient fetilizers and seed inoculation on a soybean crop. EUREKA: Life Sciences, (2), 16-24. https://doi.org/10.21303/2504-5695.2021.001747
Section
Agricultural and Biological Sciences