Productivity and viral diseases of seed potatoes depending on the period of potato desiccation

Keywords: potatoes, yield, structure, seed yield, desiccation, viruses, contamination, aphids, species of aphids, mineral oil

Abstract

The aim of the research was to determine the crop productivity, yield of tubers of seed fraction and infection of basic potato seeds with viral infection depending on the period of potato desiccation, application of mineral oil Sunspray, the number and species of winged aphids in the Polissia region of Ukraine. The study was conducted in the prebasic seed production nursery garden of the Institute for Potato Research, NAAS under the conditions of spatial isolation from the main sources and vectors of viral infections of potatoes, located in Nemishaieve, Borodiаnka distr., Kyiv region in the southern part of the Polissia region of Ukraine. The subject of the research is pre-basic and basic seed material of potatoes of mid ripening varieties Myroslava, Predslava, Alians.

On average for 2018-2020 years of studies, the highest seed yield was obtained by potato desiccation 10 days after flowering of potatoes - 82.4-85.3 %.

However, the level of total and seed yields was low. The efficiency of seed potato production increased with the haulm removal after 20 days - with the total yield depending on the variety 20.6-30.0 t/ha, the yield of seed tubers was in the range of 20.6-22.9 t/ha with the seed content in the crop structure - 71.0-76.3 %. Late haulm removal – on 30th and 40th days after potatoes flowering caused an increase in the yield of tubers of non-standard fraction, with desiccation on 30th day, the seed content in the crop decreased by 61.1-66.0 %, and with desiccation on 40th – by 54-59.8 %. Thus, during the early haulm removal, part of the crop was lost, which during haulm removal in the late stages consisted of large tubers.

It has been found out, that potato plants, where the haulm removal during 2018, 2019 was carried out within 10 days after flowering, which was 4.0 % (9.0 % for the check) for the Myroslav potato variety, 3.0 % (10.0 % for the check) for the Predslava potato variety and 4.0 % (9.0 % for the check) for the Alians potato variety were the least infected with PVM. The level of PVM infection when removing the haulm on the 10th day after flowering with the application of Sunspray mineral oil at a rate of 6.0 l/ha decreased on average for the three varieties by 1.5–2.5 %. The best option to preserve the quality characteristics of seed potatoes was to desiccate the potato haulm on 20th day after flowering of potato varieties Myroslava, Predslava and Alians and the application of mineral oil Sunspray - 6.0 l / ha. The yield was 28.8-30.0 t/ha, seed fraction 20.6-22.9, seed yield - 71.0-76.3 %, viral PVM infection was 2.0 3.0 %

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Dmitruk, O. O., Derevianko, S. V., Reshotko, L. M., Volkova, I. V., Kucheriavenko, О. О., Bova, Т. О., Zhenghua, Z. (2016). Phytovirus monitoring at the potato fields in chernihiv region agrocenoses. Agriciltural Microbiology, 23, 36–41. Available at: https://smic.in.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/126

Rusetskiy, N. V. Blotskaya, Zh. V., Schaslenyuk, E. M. (2000). Izuchenie ustoychivosti mezhvidovyh gibridov kartofelya k virusnym boleznyam. Sbornik nauch. tr. RUP Nauchno-prakticheskiy tsentr NAN Belarusi po kartofelevodstvu i plodoovoschevodstvu, 10, 93–99.

Zamalieva, F., Zharehina, T., Safiullina, G. (2019). Influence of biologically active preparations, fertilizer compositions, irrigation on the distribution of potato tuber diseases. Vestnik of Kazan State Agrarian University, 14 (3), 25–30. doi: https://doi.org/10.12737/article_5db851f1e7ef85.29058201

Bondarchuk, A., Vyshnevska, O., Dmytrenko, V., Riazantsev, M. (2020). Results of vectors’ monitoring, measures to combat viral diseases of potatoes in the area of the Ukraine’s Polissia. Foothill and Mountain Agriculture and Stockbreeding, 67 (2), 8–28. doi: https://doi.org/10.32636/01308521.2020-(67)-2-1

Taran, O. P., Mischenko, L. T., Orlovska, G. M., Chumak, V. O., Vishnevska, O. V. (2015). Species of viruses and vector pressure in evaluation phytosanitary condition of the forests potato. Naukovi dopovidi Natsionalnoho universytetu bioresursiv i pryrodokorystuvannia Ukrainy, 5. Available at: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Nd_2015_5_3

Gerieva, F. T., Bolieva, Z. A., Basiev, S. S. (2014). Tli - perenoschiki virusnoy infektsii semennogo kartofelya na Severnom Kavkaze. Zaschita i karantin rasteniy, 12, 18–19.

Сhehalkova, L. K., Konova, A. M., Gavrilova, A. Y., Novikov, V. M. (2019). Features of the agrotechnology of early ripe grades of potatoes at cultivation on the seed purposes in conditions of the smolensk region. Vegetable Crops of Russia, 3, 99–103. doi: https://doi.org/10.18619/2072-9146-2019-3-99-103

Semenchuk, V. G., Kolenchuk, M. N., Makoviychuk, S. D. (2018). Effect of potato tops extraction terms on seed potatoes productivity. Potato-growing, 26, 302–307.

Vyshnevska, O. V., Kostianets, M. I., Stoliarchuk, L. V., Shmun, S. A. (2017). Vplyv riznykh strokiv desykatsiyi kartoplynnia na nasinnievu produktyvnist ta urazhennist virusnymy infektsiyamy ozdorovlenoho nasinnievoho materialu kartopli v umovakh pivdennoho Polissia Ukrainy. Kartopliarstvo Ukrainy, 1-2 (42-43), 22–28.

Anisimov, В. V., Yurlova, S. M. (2011). Fully to use environment improving and protecting methods of seed potato growing. Kartofel' i ovoschi, 2, 18–19.

Anisimov, B. V., Blinkov, E. G., Yurlova, S. M. (2013). Mineral'nye i rastitel'nye masla dlya zaschity semennyh posadok kartofelya ot virusov. Zaschita i karantin rasteniy, 11, 27–28.

Wróbel, S. (2014). Efficacy of Mineral Oil-Insecticide Mixtures for Protection of Potato Tubers Against PVY and PVM. American Journal of Potato Research, 91 (6), 706–713. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12230-014-9403-y

Fageria, M. S., Boquel, S., Leclair, G., Pelletier, Y. (2014). The Use of Mineral Oil in Potato Protection: Dynamics in the Plant and Effect on Potato Virus Y Spread. American Journal of Potato Research, 91 (5), 476–484. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12230-014-9377-9

Boiteau, G., Singh, M., Lavoie, J. (2008). Crop border and mineral oil sprays used in combination as physical control methods of the aphid-transmitted potato virus Y in potato. Pest Management Science, 65 (3), 255–259. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.1679

Galimberti, A., Alyokhin, A. (2018). Lethal and Sublethal Effects of Mineral Oil on Potato Pests. Journal of Economic Entomology, 111 (3), 1261–1267. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toy046

MacKenzie, T. D. B., Nie, X., Singh, M. (2016). Crop Management Practices and Reduction of On-Farm Spread of Potato virus Y: a 5-Year Study in Commercial Potato Fields in New Brunswick, Canada. American Journal of Potato Research, 93 (6), 552–563. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12230-016-9534-4

MacKenzie, T. D. B., Lavoie, J., Nie, X., Singh, M. (2016). Effectiveness of Combined Use of Mineral Oil and Insecticide Spray in Reducing Potato Virus Y (PVY) Spread under Field Conditions in New Brunswick, Canada. American Journal of Potato Research, 94 (1), 70–80. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12230-016-9550-4

MacKenzie, T. D. B., Nie, X., Singh, M. (2021). Epidemiology and Management of Potato Virus Y. Emerging Trends in Plant Pathology, 113–140. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-6275-4_6

Bondarchuk, A. A., Koltunov, V. A., Oliynyk, T. M. et. al.; Bondarchuk, A. A., Koltunov, V. A. (Eds.) (2019). Kartopliarstvo: Metodyka doslidnoi spravy. Vinnytsia: TOV «TVORY», 652. Available at: https://ikar.in.ua/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/Metodyka-dosl-sprav-kartop-1.pdf

Ermantraut, E. R., Prysiazhniuk, O. I., Shevchenko, L. I. (2007). Statystychnyi analiz ahronomichnykh doslidnykh danykh v paketi STATISTICA 6.0. Kyiv: Polihraf Konsaltynh, 55.

Banadysev, S. A., Yaschenko, N. P., Malinovskiy, S. V., Dudarevich, V. I. (2000). Metodicheskie ukazaniya po uchetu nasekomyh-perenoschikov virusnyh bolezney kartofelya. Minsk: Samohvalovichi, 34.

Shpaar, D., Bykin, A., Dreger, D.; Shpaar, D. (Ed.) (2004). Kartofel'. Torzhok: OOO «Variant», 465.

PVY vectors. Available at: https://aphmon.fera.co.uk/pvy_vector_info.cfm

Vector pressure index. Available at: https://aphmon.fera.co.uk/vp_index.cfm

Technical Information. ELISA Data Analysis. Version: 4 - 11.07.2014. Available at: https://www.bioreba.ch/saas/CustomUpload/374O357O340O370O356O369O350O321O360O366O369O356O353O352O350O320O326O/ELISA_Data_Analysis.pdf


👁 27
⬇ 27
Published
2021-09-30
How to Cite
Vushnevska, O., Dmytrenko, V., Zakharchuk, N., & Oliinyk, T. (2021). Productivity and viral diseases of seed potatoes depending on the period of potato desiccation. EUREKA: Life Sciences, (5), 26-34. https://doi.org/10.21303/2504-5695.2021.002067
Section
Agricultural and Biological Sciences