Biological nitrogen in increasing the productivity of beans (grains)

Keywords: common beans (grain), variety, Rhizoactive, nodules, quantity, raw weight, yield

Abstract

The results of a field experiment to study the effect of seed treatment with the biological product Rhizoactive (сompany BioNorma, Ukraine) on the formation and functioning of the symbiotic apparatus of common bean (grain) plants are presented.

The experiment examined six varieties of common beans (grain), included in the State Register of plant varieties suitable for distribution in Ukraine: Bukovynka, Halaktyka, Slaviia, Ros, Otrada, Nata. The influence of bacterial fertilizer based on nodule bacteria " Rhizoactive " on the indicators of symbiotic and grain productivity of these varieties of common beans was studied.

It was found, that the maximum number and raw weight of active nodules in the studied varieties of common beans were formed in the flowering phase. A larger number of nodules, compared to the variety Bukovynka (control), was formed on the root system of bean varieties Ros, Otrada and Nata. The maximum raw weight of rhizobia in the plots without the use of Rhizoactive was formed by the common bean variety Otrada – 0.297 g/plant of active nodules. Inoculation of the seeds of the studied common bean varieties with Rhizoactive increased the raw weight of active nodules in the flowering phase by 0.016–0.042 g/plant. A larger mass of nodules, compared to the Bukovynka variety, was formed on the root system of Ros, Otrada and Nata beans. The maximum raw weight of rhizobia in areas without the use of Rhizoactive was formed by the variety of beans Otrada – 0.297 g/plant of active nodules. Inoculation of seeds of the studied varieties of beans with Rhizoactive increased the raw weight of active nodules in the flowering phase by 0.016–0.042 g/plant.

The highest increase in grain yield from seed inoculation was obtained in 2018, which was more favorable in terms of moisture. Thus, the largest increase in grain yield from the use of Rhizoactive was provided by the varieties Halaktyka (0.14 t/ha or 5.7 %), Ros (0.15 t/ha or 5.5 %) and Otrada (0.22 t/ha or 7.7 %). On average, in 2018–2020, inoculation of bean seeds with Rhizoactive, depending on the variety, provided an increase in grain yield from 2.4 to 6.7 %. And the highest level of bean grain yield on average in 2018–2020 was provided by the varieties Otrada (2.60 t/ha), Nata (2.50 t/ha) and Ros (2.40 t/ha) for inoculation of seeds with Rhizoactive

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Author Biographies

Oleksandr Chynchyk, State Agrarian and Engineering University in Podilia

Department of Horticulture and Viticulture, Agriculture and Soil Science

Svitlana Olifirovych, State Agrarian and Engineering University in Podilia

Department of Horticulture and Viticulture, Agriculture and Soil Science

Volodymyr Olifirovych, Bukovyna State Agricultural Experimental Station of Institute of Carpathion Region of National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine

Department of Agriculture, Forage Production and Plant Breeding

Kateryna Nebaba, State Agrarian and Engineering University in Podilia

Department of Crop Production and Forage Production

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Published
2021-09-30
How to Cite
Chynchyk, O., Olifirovych, S., Olifirovych, V., & Nebaba, K. (2021). Biological nitrogen in increasing the productivity of beans (grains). EUREKA: Life Sciences, (5), 12-17. https://doi.org/10.21303/2504-5695.2021.002075
Section
Agricultural and Biological Sciences