Comparision of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) storage characteristics under different storage media and conditions
This research was carried out to compare cowpea storage characteristics using different storage medium, under different weather conditions. Several technologies reputedly attribute losses of stored cowpea grain to bruchid beetles. Comparison of these different postharvest storage methods can provide the basis for deciding which performs best in terms of weight loss, pest infestation and nutritive losses. Proximate analysis was carried out before, during and after storage with two month intervals, over four months of storage in three storage media: a seed gene bank, modified anthill rhombus, and a covered container (the control). Temperature, humidity, and weight values (for moisture content analysis) were taken during the storage period. Results showed that the cowpea seed sample, stored in the AC section of the seed gene bank, proved to be more tolerant to pest infestation compared to seed samples, stored in the Modified anthill rhombus, and seed samples, stored under ambient conditions. The cowpea seeds weight recorded reduction after infestation, which also was significant when compared to the non-infested seeds in the seed gene bank. Proximate analysis of cowpea seeds after infestation showed a decrease in the value of carbohydrate content and protein, while crude fibre, moisture, fat and total ash recorded increased. Further research should be carried out on cowpea storage under different weather conditions, with and without insecticide, and using more media such as jute bags, etc. There should also be an extension of the storage period more than the four months
Langyintuo, A. S., Lowenberg-Deboer, J., Faye, M., Lambert, D., Ibro, G., Moussa, B. et. al. (2003). Cowpea supply and demand in West and Central Africa. Field Crops Research, 82 (2-3), 215–231. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(03)00039-X
Kebe, K., Sembene, M., (2011). Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) Field Infestation by the Bruchids (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) in the Northern Senegal: Preliminary Biological and Ecological Data. Journal of Applied Biosciences, 41, 2788–2796. Available at: http://www.m.elewa.org/JABS/2011/41/6.pdf
Quinn, J., Myers, R. (2002). Cowpea. Alternative Crop Guide. Jefferson Institute. Available at: http://www.jeffersoninstitute.org/pdf/cowpea_crop_guide.pdf
Afolami, C. A. (2001). Market Integration and International Pricing Efficiency for Cowpea in Nigeria. International Journal of Agriculture, Science, Environment and Technology, 1 (2), 171–185.
Henshaw, F. (2008). Varietal Differences in Physical Characteristics and Proximate Composition of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 4 (3), 302–306. Available at: https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Varietal-Differences-in-Physical-Characteristics-of-Henshaw/dcc96a75eb4ee527a1099641cca8dce35a905057
John, H. M (2005). Principles of Food Crop Production. Journal of Food Science, 3, 35–42.
Guide to Cowpea production in West Africa (2018). International Institute of Tropical Agriculture. Available at: https://www.iita.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Cowpea-manualENGLISH.pdf
Bakoye, O. N., Ibrahim, B., Seyni, H., Amadou, L., Murdock, L. L., Baributsa, D. (2020). Comparative Study of Cowpea Storage Technologies in the Sahel Region of Niger. Insects, 11 (10), 689. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11100689
Hammed, R., Rafiu, B. O., Oyelowo, O. J. (2021). Seedlings Growth Performance of Terminalia ivorensis (A. Chev) as Influenced by Different Organic Fertilizers. Proceedings 3RD CFA Conference. FUTA 2020, 592–597. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/352402173_Proceedings_3RD_CFA_CONFERENCE_FUTA_2020_PDF_1-592-597
Borokini, T. I., Okere, A. U., Giwa, A. O., Daramola, B. O., Odofin, W. T. (2010). Biodiversity and conservation of plant genetic resources in the Field Genebank of the National Centre for Genetic Resources and Biotechnology, Ibadan, Nigeria. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 2 (3), 037–050.
Olunloyo, O. O., Ibiyeye, D. E. (2019). Development of a modified agricultural rhombus. International Journal of Applied Research and Technology, 8 (8), 80–85. Available at: http://www.esxpublishers.com/images/IJRT-0819-0220.pdf
Amentae, T. K., Tura, E. G., Gebresenbet, G., Ljungberg, D. (2016). Exploring value chain and post-harvest losses of Teff in Bacho and Dawo districts of central Ethiopia. Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research, 7 (1), 11–28. Available at: https://pub.epsilon.slu.se/13602/1/amentae_et_al_161003.pdf
Copyright (c) 2022 Oluwatoyin Olunloyo, Akinrinade Olunloyo, Dare Ibiyeye, Abisayo Akala, Opeyem Ajiboye, Folasade Afeye, Afolabi Reuben Taiye, Fehintola Mathew Adegoke, Blessing Oladipupo
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the Creative Commons CC BY copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons CC BY, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.