Effect of sodium chloride on physiological and biochemical indices of wheat and maize genotypes

  • Mayakhanim Ali Khanishova Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnologies (IMBB), ANAS
  • K. R. Tagiyeva Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnologies (IMBB), ANAS
  • Ibrahim Vahab Azizov Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnologies (IMBB), ANAS
Keywords: wheat,maize, salinity, hybrid, genotipe, chlorophyll, photosystem II, carotenoid, tolerance

Abstract

Aim. Study the effect of sodium chloride on the physiological and biochemical characteristics of wheat and maize genotypes, to identify varieties tolerant to salinity. To create new salt-tolerant varieties of wheat and maize, a comparative analysis of the physiological and biochemical parameters of the parental and hybrid plants was carried out. Methods. Physiological parameters such as chlorophyll content, relative water content, and PSII activity have been studied in parental forms and hybrids. Results. Based on the physiological indices determined during the grain filling stage, the highest tolerance was manifested by the parental forms, Garabagh, Gobustan, and the hybrids, ♀Garabagh×♂Gobustan, ♀Garabagh×♂Mirbashir, ♀Garabagh×♂Sharg. The varieties Gurur and Zagatala-68 and hybrid “Gurur×Zagatala-68” were resistant to 200 mmol salt concentration.The varietiesofmaize Gurur and Zagatala-68 were resistant to 200 mmol salt concentration

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Author Biographies

Mayakhanim Ali Khanishova, Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnologies (IMBB), ANAS

Department of Plant Physiology And Biochemisty

K. R. Tagiyeva, Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnologies (IMBB), ANAS

Department of Plant Physiology And Biochemisty

Ibrahim Vahab Azizov, Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnologies (IMBB), ANAS

Department of Plant Physiology And Biochemisty

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Published
2022-03-31
How to Cite
Khanishova, M. A., Tagiyeva, K. R., & Azizov, I. V. (2022). Effect of sodium chloride on physiological and biochemical indices of wheat and maize genotypes. EUREKA: Life Sciences, (2), 3-8. https://doi.org/10.21303/2504-5695.2022.002412
Section
Agricultural and Biological Sciences