Scientific substantiation of the use of plant processing derivatives for enrichment of ferrous milk drinks
Derivatives from plant processing are generally classified as industrial waste. Despite their biological properties, they are mostly recycled or used in the production of animal feed. Given the rapid growth of the world's population and the increased interest of consumers in plant foods, it is advisable to use plant by-products as nutritional supplements with certain functional properties. The purpose of the study is to substantiate the possibility of using sesame flour and rice bran as fillers in the production of fermented milk drinks. Formulas were developed for fermented milk drinks enriched with sesame flour in the amount of 2 % and rice bran – 1 %. The amount of additives was determined taking into account the optimal organoleptic indicators. The study showed that the addition of additives increased the content of dietary fiber in a product enriched with rice bran, up to 0.3%, and up to 0.7 % in a fermented milk drink with sesame flour. The antioxidant properties of a fermented milk drink enriched with sesame flour were studied. Antioxidant properties were determined by the level of DPPH radical scavenging activity. The results of the study showed that the highest DPPH radical scavenging activity (1.82 mg/ml) was observed in the enriched sample on day 7 of storage. On the 14th day of storage in the control sample, the activity decreased to 1.55 mg/ml, while in the sample with sesame flour its value was at the level of 1.75 mg/ml. Thus, it can be argued that the investigated plant by-products can be used as additives to increase the content of dietary fiber and increase the shelf life of products
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