Comparative characteristics of native (liquid) and concentrated up to 40 % vinasse as a raw material for anaerobic fermentation

Keywords: biogas, anaerobic digestion, methane fermentation, metanogenesis, beet vinasse, molasses bard, waste of bioethanol production, concentrated vinasse, digestate, fertilizer

Abstract

The energy crisis that is currently taking place in Ukraine requires an active search for alternative energy sources. Ukraine provides itself with natural gas and oil of its own production only by 20 %. With the help of biogas technologies, it is possible to increase the share of energy from renewable sources, reduce the amount of waste generation, and limit greenhouse gas emissions. Biogas is produced as a result of methane fermentation of biomass. There is a significant problem with the waste of bioethanol production – beet vinasse, a dark-colored liquid with an unpleasant odor. Anaerobic fermentation technologies are the basis for the disposal of organic waste in the world. Vinasse concentration is one of the alternatives with which can be the efficiency of anaerobic digestion and reduce the negative economic and environmental consequences of applying large volumes of vinasse in the fields. Studies show that concentrated vinasse is more suiTable for methane fermentation than liquid vinasse. The process of concentrating vinasse is economically beneficial for plants, as it will reduce the size and cost of building biogas reactors and can facilitate the management and processing of vinasse. An additional advantage of using methanogenesis for waste utilization is obtaining the digestate – the product after methane fermentation and obtaining the main product − biogas. It can also be successfully used in agriculture as a fertilizer. It has many nutrients and does not pollute the environment, as it is free from fermentation products. The proposed technologies will allow sugar and alcohol plants to carry out waste-free production, receiving the main product biogas to meet their own energy needs, and digestate

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Ganna Kulichkova, State Institution "Institute of Food Biotechnology and Genomics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine"

Laboratory of Biotechnology of Biofuels and Innovations in Green Energy

Department of Genomics and Molecular Biotechnology

References

Feduniak, I. O. (2014). Efficiency of biogas production in Ukraine. Scientific Notes of the National University of Ostroh Academy. Series "Economics": collection of scientific papers, 26, 45–49.

Bioenergy Association of Ukraine UABIO (2021). Bioenergy facilities: infographic. Available at: https://uabio.org/materials/11862/

Law of Ukraine "On Alternative Fuels" No. 1391- VI of 21.05.2009. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1391-14#Text

Moraes, B. S., Zaiat, M., Bonomi, A. (2015). Anaerobic digestion of vinasse from sugarcane ethanol production in Brazil: Challenges and perspectives. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 44, 888–903. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.01.023

Laime, E., Fernandes, P., Oliveira, D., Freire, E. (2011). Technological possibilities for the destination of vinasse: a review. Rev Trópica Ciências Agrárias e Biológicas, 5, 16–29.

Romanholo Ferreira, L. F., Aguiar, M. M., Messias, T. G., Pompeu, G. B., Queijeiro Lopez, A. M., Silva, D. P., Monteiro, R. T. (2011). Evaluation of sugar-cane vinasse treated with Pleurotus sajor-caju utilizing aquatic organisms as toxicological indicators. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 74 (1), 132–137. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2010.08.042

da Silva, A., Rossetto, R., Bonnecine, J., Piemonte, M., Muraoka, T. (2012). Net and Potential Nitrogen Mineralization in Soil with Sugarcane Vinasse. Sugar Tech, 15 (2), 159–164. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12355-012-0199-0

Ta, A. T., Babel, S. (2019). Utilization of green waste from vegetable market for biomethane production: influences of feedstock to inoculum ratios and alkalinity. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 21 (6), 1391–1401. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-019-00898-2

Sica, P., Carvalho, R., Das, K. C., Baptista, A. S. (2020). Biogas and biofertilizer from vinasse: making sugarcane ethanol even more sustainable. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 22 (5), 1427–1433. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-020-01029-y

Renewable Energy Statistics 2019 (2019). Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates: The International Renewable Energy Agency, 382.

Maurya, R., Tirkey, S. R., Rajapitamahuni, S., Ghosh, A., Mishra, S. (2019). Recent Advances and Future Prospective of Biogas Production. Advances in Feedstock Conversion Technologies for Alternative Fuels and Bioproducts, 159–178. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-817937-6.00009-6

Petersburgsky, A. V. (1968). Workshop on Agronomic Chemistry. Moscow: Kolos.

Smirnov, V. O., Sergeyev, P. V., Biletsky, V. S. (2011). Technology of coal enrichment. Donetsk: Eastern Publishing House, 476.

DSTU ISO 1871:2003. Agricultural food products. General guidelines for the determination of nitrogen content by the Kjeldahl method (ISO 1871:1975, IDT).

Mazor, L. (1986). Methods of organic analysis. Moscow: Mir, 333–337.

Volynets, V. F., Volynets, M. P. (1977). Analytical chemistry of nitrogen. Moscow: Nauka, 54–55.

Nechaev, A., Traubenberg, S., Kochetkova, A. (2007). Food chemistry. Saint Petersburg: GIORD.

Kulichkova, G. I., Ivanova, T. S., Köttner, M., Volodko, O. I., Spivak, S. I., Tsygankov, S. P., Blume, Y. B. (2020). Plant Feedstocks and their Biogas Production Potentials. The Open Agriculture Journal, 14 (1), 219–234. doi: https://doi.org/10.2174/1874331502014010219

Lurie, Y. Y. (1984). Analytical chemistry of industrial wastewater. Moscow: Chemistry.

Yulevich, O. I., Kovtun, S. I., Gil, M. I. (2012). Biotechnology. Mykolaiv: MDAU, 476.

Comparative characteristics of native (liquid) and concentrated up to 40 % vinasse as a raw material for anaerobic fermentation

👁 54
⬇ 51
Published
2022-11-28
How to Cite
Kulichkova, G. (2022). Comparative characteristics of native (liquid) and concentrated up to 40 % vinasse as a raw material for anaerobic fermentation. EUREKA: Life Sciences, (6), 25-35. https://doi.org/10.21303/2504-5695.2022.002692
Section
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology