Dietary supplement using cockroach meal: impact on growth indices and biochemical responses in hybrid catfish

Keywords: Dietary supplement, catfish, cockroach, formulated diets, growth indices, biochemical parameters


Globally the need to substitute fishmeal with other animal protein sources in the fish diet has gained more attention; which is occasioned by the increasing cost of fish. A 12-week trial was conducted to ascertain the growth indices and biochemical response of hybrid catfish (Clarias gariepinus(♀) and Heterobranchus bidorsalis (♂)) fed cockroach meal supplement. A total of 800 hybrid catfish were randomly distributed into four dietary treatments (Diet A- control feed), Diet B (50 % cockroach and 50 % fishmeal), Diet C (100 % cockroach meal) and Diet D (100 % fishmeal). Each treatment was replicated with 35 fish per experimental pond in a completely randomized design. Progressive weight gain was determined bi-weekly. At the end of the study period, fishes were randomly sacrificed for proximate compositions and plasma biochemical analyses (glucose, triglyceride, cholesterol, total protein, albumin) using standard protocols. The study revealed that growth parameters (Weight gain, Average weight gain, Protein efficiency ratio, Feed Conversion rate, Specific growth rate and Survival rate (SR) were influenced by the dietary treatments (p>0.05). The highest weight gain was recorded in Diet 1 (8847.73±292.65 g) > Diet 2 (7816.33±121.71 g)>Diet 3 (7811.67±566.08 g) >Diet 4 (7022.00±44.193 g). Similarly, the best feed conversion ratio was found in fish fed Diet A (10.12±0.01),>Diet B, C and D had the same values of 0.11 g respectively. There was no significant (p>0.05) difference in plasma biochemical indicators measured when compared to the control (Diet A). Thus, indicating that all the fish were healthy and had normal physiological activities. Cockroach meal can therefore, be used as a feed supplement without having any adverse effect on the growth and well-being of hybrid catfish fingerlings


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Author Biographies

Abiola Olabisi Kolawole, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University

Department of Biology

Kabir Mohammed Adamu, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University

Department of Biology

Ibrahim Baba Usman, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University

Department of Biology

Yakubu Manbe Mohammed, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University

Department of Biology

Mohammed Aliyu-Paiko, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University

Department of Biochemistry


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Dietary supplement using cockroach meal: impact on growth indices and biochemical responses in hybrid catfish

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How to Cite
Kolawole, A. O., Adamu, K. M., Usman, I. B., Mohammed, Y. M., & Aliyu-Paiko, M. (2023). Dietary supplement using cockroach meal: impact on growth indices and biochemical responses in hybrid catfish. EUREKA: Life Sciences, (2), 3-13.
Agricultural and Biological Sciences