DEVELOPMENT OF THE NEW POINT SCALE OF ORGANOLEPTIC EVALUATION AT MANUFACTURING ORGANIC CAKES
The article presents the ground of developing the 50-point scale for evaluating cakes by organoleptic parameters. The aim of the article is to create the new point scale of organoleptic evaluation for using at producing organic cakes. It was established, that for today such important parameters as “flavor”, “post-flavor”, “porosity structure” are not always used at the organoleptic evaluation of cakes’ quality. The article describes the recipes of four developed cakes, produced of the organic raw materials – “Grechanyk”, based on buckwheat flour, “Zhytnytsa’, based on rye flour, “Golden amaranth”, based on amaranth flour and “Hempen delight”, based on hempen flour. For evaluating organoleptic characteristics of cakes, there was presented 50-point scale that includes evaluation of the following parameters: form, surface condition, color of crust, condition and color of crumble, porosity structure, smell, taste, flavor, post-taste, malaxation of crumble. Based on the method of expert evaluations, there were determined significance coefficients for each parameter. Thus, coefficient 0,5 was set for the parameters “porosity structure” and 1,5 for “color” and “smell”, the significance coefficient was equal 1 for a series of other parameters. The developed scale provided the following criteria of cakes evaluation: 45–50 points − "perfectly”, 40–44 points − "well", 30–39 points − "satisfactorily”, lower 30 points – “unsatisfactorily”. Based on the developed scale, the developed cakes were evaluated by the gustatory commission. All developed cakes corresponded to the mark “perfectly” by organoleptic parameters. The highest index of the quality level was inherent to the cake “Grechanyk” " – 0,99 at general sum of points for the gustatory evaluation 49,95. The cake Zhytnytsa corresponded to 0,98 by the quality level, "Hempen delight" – 0,96. The lowest quality level was detected in the cake “Golden amaranth” (0,94),that is caused by the specific taste of amaranth flour.
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