ORGANIZATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING IN THE CASPIAN SEA
The object of research is ecological monitoring of the Caspian Sea. This article addressed the objectives and components of environmental monitoring. It also describes the objectives for the establishment of a Unified State Environmental Monitoring System. Special attention is paid to the structure of the environmental network monitoring system, which consists of three levels: low, medium and high.
One of the main problems is the establishment of the Unified State Environmental Monitoring System of the Caspian Sea. This article considered the main functions and objectives of the Unified State Environmental Monitoring System. Here are also discussed the computing center of the environmental monitoring system and its functions and components. The research used three main components for environmental data processing: database management systems, geographic information system and integrated software packages. Examples of a computer system of environmental monitoring include: ArcGIS, MapInfo, ArcView and OCEAN.
The main scientific results of this research are the main functions, objectives and components of environmental monitoring of the Caspian Sea to reduce pollution levels.
The obtained results can be used to optimize the characteristics of environmental information systems, which are used to organize environmental monitoring.
Innovative technological product of this research is the development of an algorithm for the organization of environmental monitoring of the Caspian Sea. It will allow ecologists to monitor the environmental situation of the Caspian Sea and further improve it.
The obtained innovative technological product will be useful for carrying out environmental monitoring of the most contaminated section of the water basin, and more precisely for monitoring the scale of pollution and further improving the environmental situation of the water area.
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