THE IDEAL OF KALOKAGATHIA OF THE TOTALITARIAN AND LIBERAL REGIMES AS A MEANS OF PERSONALITY FORMATION
The object of research is the relationship between the state and the individual under totalitarian and liberal regimes.
Investigated problem: in the article the concepts of totalitarian and liberal regime is analyzed, their nature and relation are revealed. The characteristics of each of them are considered. It highlights the impact that they have on the ideal of kalokagathia is highlighted. In a society in which the ideas of kalokagathia can be realized, there must be freedom, which is the most important value of the individual. Both directions of democratic thought ‒ totalitarianism and liberalism welcome the higher value of freedom.
A person can’t independently distinguish what is good, harmonious for it, and what is evil, it is not able to make competent decisions, it is always under the influence of the outside world and its conditions. Political regimes can be considered to a large extent, as the basic conditions for human existence. In some cases, these conditions can both stimulate a person and suppress it. This can lead to the fact that government agencies of direct action and coercion can make decisions for it or give rise to the right of permissiveness and thought only of oneself.
The main scientific results: historically, the state is called upon to realize the protective function of comprehensive harmonious human development (the ideal of kalokagathia) at the national level, but under the conditions of the presented regimes, this process undergoes various transformations and can’t be fully realized and does not correspond to reality. The harmonious development of man is always full of dissonances and struggles of various forces in the human being.
Aristotle (2016). Politics. Moscow: AST Publishing House, 384.
Kobzіeva, I. O. (2018). Harmonic aspects of kalokagathia: historical and philosophical analysis. Osvitology, 7, 22–28.
Soros, G. (1999). The Crisis of Global Capitalism: Open Society Endangered. Moscow: INFRA, 85.
Quermonne, J. (1986). Les regimes politiques occidentaux.
Locke, J. (1690). Two Treatises of Government. Available at: https://www.yakaboo.ua/ua/second-treatise-of-government.html
Spencer, G. (1884). The Man Versus the State» Available at: http://econlibrary.ru/books/90/79/spencer_person %20and %20state.html
Brzezinski, Z. (1956). Totalitarian Dictatorship and Autocracy. Cambridge: Harvard university press, 438. Available at: http://web.archive.org/web/20071010203916/http://auditorium.ru/books/1224/ch2r2.pdf
Lisovy, V. (2006). The concept of political culture. Political culture of Ukrainians.
Arend, H. (1996). The Origins of totalitarianism. Moscow, 528.
Popper, K. R. (1992). Open Society and its Enemies. Vol. 1. Moscow, 204.
Hegel, G. V. F. (1977). The Encyclopaedia of the philosophical Sciences. Vol. 3. Moscow: Thought, 471.
Adolf Hitler (1992). My struggle. Publishing house«T-Oko», Lobanov S. N., 313.
Tauberger, A. G. (2003). System-functional analysis of totalitarianism. Novgorod, 173.
Polezhaev, D. V. (1996). Totalitarianism and manality mentality. Volgograd, 151.
Hobbes, T. (2001). Leviathan: or The Matter, Form, and Power of a Commonwealth, Ecclesiastical and Civil. Available at: https://royallib.com/book/tomas_gobbs/leviafan_ili_materiya_forma_i_vlast_gosudarstva_tserkovnogo_i_gragdanskogo.html
Ilyin, I. A. (1994). General doctrine of law and the state. Collected Works. Vol. 4. Moscow: Russian Book, 45–148.
Mises, L. von (2007). Liberalism. Moscow: Sotsium, 344.
👁 149 ⬇ 94
Copyright (c) 2020 Іryna Kobzieva, Tetiana Prykhodko, Tetiana Kunicheva, Jakub Korolevsky, Vanika Grover
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the Creative Commons CC BY copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons CC BY, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.