Keywords: epilepsy, ischemic stroke, acute cerebrovascular disease, diagnosis, structural damages, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging


The aim of the research: epilepsy on the background of ischemic stroke.

Studied problem: improve of diagnosis of epilepsy on the background of ischemic stroke by establishing the clinical features of epileptic seizures and by detection of brain structural damages

The main scientific results: a cross-sectional randomized cohort comparative study with retrospective and prospective stages was performed in 60 patients (men and women) with ischemic stroke aged 65 [57.0; 74.0] years, in 30 of which epileptic seizures were detected. The predominance of generalized single (66.7±38.5 %) variants was found in the structure of epileptic seizures in patients with acute cerebrovascular pathology. A higher frequency of generalized variants of seizures in patients over 60 years of age (maximum at 61–70 years, at descending – 71–80 years, over 80 years) has been revealed. The descending distribution of localization frequency of brain lesions (detected with MRI, CT) in patients with epileptic seizures after ischemic stroke is as follows: dilation of the subarachnoid space (93.3±24.1 %), dilation of the brain ventricles (83.3±34.0 %), subcortical ganglia (76.7±37.0 %), right hemisphere or temporal lobe (60.0±37.9 %), subcortex (56.7±37.3 %), frontal lobe (50.0±35.4 %), left hemisphere or diffuse-atrophic changes in the cortical region (43.3±32.6 %), temporal lobe (20.0±17.9 %), occipital lobe (16.7±15.2 %).

The area of practical use of the research results: clinical medicine, especially neurology.

Innovative technological product: methodology of diagnosis of epilepsy on the background of ischemic stroke.

Scope of the innovative technological product: the evaluation of seizures and brain’s structural damages in patients with ischemic stroke with the development of epileptic seizures may be a means of improving the diagnosis of epilepsy on the background of cerebrovascular disease.


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Author Biographies

Marianna Mushehian, Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education

Department of neurology and child neurology

Tetyana Litovchenko, Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education

Department of neurology and child neurology


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