DUAL-USE MATERIAL SCIENCE TECHNOLOGIES TRANSFER IN UKRAINE: PREMISES AND PRESENT CATCH-22

Keywords: advanced materials, materials science, dual use technology, technology transfer, export control

Abstract

The object of effort is to assess the underpin premises of transfer of dual use materials science technologies appeared in Ukraine after the Independence and those developed until nowadays. It is also to shed a light on this issue and evaluate historical, technical, political, and mental barriers between technology supplier / recipient and future prospects and successful steps to be made to overcome those.

The work puts a problem to scrutinize today’s and future materials science dual use technology transfer control regulations and all premises associated and leaving an imprint on the realities existing in Ukraine. First of all, it is important to study technology transfer issues and a vital role of those premises appeared in Ukraine otherwise one may chase a ghost while trying to understand how to put it correct in a right legal and political way to successfully resolve this matter since in this case none turnkey solutions ever exist. For example, central to a control regime debate is to discuss an evolution, or lack of the existing transparent legislation covering dual-use technologies, and a discussion on its orientation and scope. Does this really work and sound in practice, and if “yes” then to what extent? Second, at a time of fundamental change in nature and order of international relations, the wisdom of ad hoc control regimes must not escape scrutiny. Although experts are very much aware of these problems, future of control regulations remains still blurred and uncertain, so what are their potential implications for international state’s security?

The research revealed that a reassessment of the problems surrounding dual use materials science technologies and today’s control regulations should be made – both in terms of their potential improvement and/or possible new universal multilateral agreements and transparency among states involved in technology transfer. This further argues a need for new international mechanisms to ensure the transfer of dual-use materials science technologies, while not powering proliferation opportunities for weapon systems.

The results of this endeavor make a ground floor for further debates in terms of politics and export control in the field of transfer of intangible technologies.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Iegor Kartuzov, University of Liege

Department of Political Science

European Studies Unit

References

Science and Technology Center in Ukraine. STCU Mission statement. Available at: http://www.stcu.int/weare/missionstatement/mission/index.php

Evans, N. G., Commins, A. (2017). Defining dual-use research: When scientific advances can both help and hurt humanity. The Conversation. Available at: http://theconversation.com/defining-dual-use-research-when-scientific-advances-can-both-help-and-hurt-humanity-70333

Misuse potential and biosecurity in life sciences research A discussion basis for scientists on how to address the dual use dilemma of biological research (2017). Swiss Academy Reports, 12 (3), 20.

Terebova, S. V. (2010). Transfer of technologies as an element of innovation development of economy. Problems of development of territory, 4, 32–34.

Iliin, P. V. (2013). Foreign experience of technology transfer in Russia. Economic and social changes: facts, tendencies, prognosis, 1 (25), 208–210.

Grigoriev, A. (2014). Technologies of dual use: Concept and forms of transfer. Istoricheskie, filosofskie, politicheskie i iuridicheskie nauki, kulturologiia i iskusstvovedenie. Voprosy teorii i praktiki, 8 (46), 42–44. Available at: www.gramota.net/materials/3/2014/8-1/9.html

State Secret of Ukraine (1994). Law of Ukraine No. 3856-XII. 21.01.94. Information of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 16, 94.

Dual Use Technologies (2016). Journal of Strategy. Available at: http://strategyjournal.ru/rossiya-i-mir/tehnologii-dvojnogo-primeneniya/

Ukraine again loses its position in the competitiveness rating of the World Economic Forum (2019). News Front Informational Agency. Available at: https://news-front.info/2019/10/09/ukraina-opyat-teryaet-pozitsii-v-rejtinge-konkurentosposobnosti-vsemirnogo-ekonomicheskogo-foruma/

Odotyuk, I. V., Faschevskaya, O. M., Shchegel, S. M. (2015). Modern innovation policy of Ukraine: preconditions, main approaches and directions of reforming. Bulletin of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 7, 32–46.


👁 103
⬇ 85
Published
2020-10-30
How to Cite
Kartuzov, I. (2020). DUAL-USE MATERIAL SCIENCE TECHNOLOGIES TRANSFER IN UKRAINE: PREMISES AND PRESENT CATCH-22. ScienceRise, (5), 95-102. https://doi.org/10.21303/2313-8416.2020.001477
Section
Development of national economies