THE LEVEL OF INDICES OF ION COMPOSITION OF BLOOD IN INFANTS WITH CONGENITAL MALFORMATIONS IN SURGICAL CORRECTION
Newborns with severe congenital malformations need radical surgical correction as soon as possible for ensure the quality of life of the infant in the future. Pathological changes associated with the underlying pathology may be accompanied to severe disturbances of homeostasis in the postoperative period.
The aim of the study. To assess the level of ionic composition of plasma in infants with congenital malformations during surgical correction and various types of combined anesthesia.
Investigated problem: To prevent electrolyte peri- and postoperative complications, it is obligatory to perform preoperative preparation and stabilization of laboratory parameters, for a child with congenital malformations and to monitor they throughout the operation.
The main scientific results: The electrolyte composition in the examined groups of infants did not show significant differences from age norms. The concentration of potassium was the lowest in group III of the examined in comparison with groups I and II at the stage of preparation for surgery (p=0.0041; p=0.0102), induction of anesthesia (p=0.0053; p=0.0054), while children of groups I and II were diagnosed with a tendency to the upper limit of normal serum potassium levels during all observation periods. Elevated sodium levels were diagnosed in group III at all stages of surgical treatment and in group II of infants with congenital malformations at the stage of the most painful and traumatic moment of surgery (159.94±4.89 – II, 139.27±3.043 – III, p=0.1857).
The area of practical use of the research results: pediatric anesthesiology
Innovative technological product: laboratory control
Scope of the innovative technological product: neonatal intensive care unit, surgery
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