The continuing relevance of late Dr W.E.B. Du Bois to African scholarship

Keywords: Pan-Africanism, Colonialism, Racism, Post colonialist, African Renaissance


The objects of this research are: first, to explore the uniqueness and visionary thinking of Dr W.E.B. Du Bois concerning the concept of race and racism over time. Second, to highlight the socio-economic conditions and disempowerment of blacks living in different countries of the world. Third, is an attempt to review his work and its relevance to African scholarship by using the qualitative research method, enabling us to understand the philosophical impetus arising out of his valuable contribution to African scholarship.

The author investigated the following problems: social problems, caused by racism, discrimination race, exploitation, black disempowerment, inequality, and social justice.

The main results of the research are: The findings of this study are: first, the importance of unity of the Africa people is crucial for its development. Second, the implementation of educational policies, political leadership, a vibrant economy, and the establishment of the military to protect Africa’s global interests are all very important for its survival and development. Third, is the highlighting of the level of grave injustice faced by both Dr Du Bois and his wife in the hands of the US law enforcement services. Fourth, it was found that the African continent is not economically independent. Fifth, it is only through the unity of African peoples and countries that it can eventually lead to its development and progress.

The area of practical use of the research is for all citizens, directly or indirectly affected by race, racism, disempowerment, and social inequalities that still permeate contemporary societies.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Shaka Yesufu, University of Limpopo

Department of Research and Development


W. E. B. Du Bois (2021). Available at:

W.E.B. DUBIOS (2010). Available at:

Aptheker, A. (1982). The Complete Published Works of W. E. B. Du Bois. New Jersey: Comp and Cel Publishers.

Garfield, G. (2014). Tightrope – a racial Journey to the age of Obama. Langham: Rowman & Littlefield, 272.

Morris, A. (2015). The Scholar Denied: W.E.B. Du Bois and the Birth of. Modern Sociology. Oakland: University of California Press, 282.

Lynn, D. (2020). Surveillance, State Power, and the Activism of Shirley Graham Du Bois. Black Perspectives.

Goffe, L. G. (2013). W.E.B. The Father of Modern- Pan- Africanism. New African. Available at:

Wolfe, R. P. (1996). The True Legacy of W.E.B. Du Bois. The Boston Globe. Available at:

Du Bois, W. E. B. (1899). The Philadelphia Negro: A Social Study. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania.

Du Bois, W. E. B. (1903). The Souls of black folks. New York: Bantam.

Liss, J., Du Bois, W., Boas, F. (1998). Diasporic Identities: The Science and Politics of Race in the Work of Franz Boas and W. E. B. Du Bois, 1894-1919. Cultural Anthropology, 13 (2), 127–166. doi:

Du Bois, W. E. B. (1897). The Conservation of Races. Good Press.

Zuckerman, P. (2004). The Social Theory of W. E. B. Du Bois. Pine Forge.

Du Bois, W. E. B. (1904). The Development of a People. International Journal of Ethics, 14 (3), 292–311. doi:

West, C. (2017). Race Matters. Boston: Beacon Press.

Du Bois, W. E. B. (1947). The World and Africa: An Inquiry into the part which Africa has played in world history. New York: Viking Press.

Adejummobi, S. A.; Mjagki, N. (Ed.) (2001). The Pan-Africanism Congress’ in Organizing Black America. An encyclopedia of African American Association. New York: Garland Publishing Inc.

Gobineau, A. (1967). The Inequality of Human Races. New York: H. Fertig.

Du Bois, W. E. B. (1920). Dark water: voices from within the veil. New York: Humanity Books.

Rex, J. (1970). Race Relations in Sociological Theory. London: Weidenfeld, 161.

Brown, C.A. (2018). I’m Still Here. Black Dignity in a World Made for Whiteness. New York. Convergent Books.

West, C. (2010). Keeping Faith. Philosophy and Race in America. London: Routledge.

Herrnstein, R. J., Murray, C. A. (1994). The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life. Free Press, 845.

Fanon, F. (1959). Dying colonialism. New York: Grove Press.

Mazrui, A. (2004). Nkrumah’s legacy and Africa Triple Heritage Between Globalisation and Counter-Terrorism. Accra: University Press. 62.

Achebe, C. (1958). Things Fall Apart. London: Heinemann Press.

Nkrumah K (1961). I speak of Freedom: A Statement of African Ideology. London: Heinemann Ltd

Nkrumah, K. (1974). Neo-Colonialism: The Last Stage of Imperialism. Panaf Books.

Gutto, S. B. O. (2006). Towards a new paradigm for pan‐African knowledge production and application in the context of the African renaissance. International Journal of African Renaissance Studies – Multi-, Inter- and Transdisciplinarity, 1 (2), 306–323. doi:

Battle, J., Wright, E. (2002). W. E. B. Du Bois’s Talented Tenth. A Quantitative Assessment. Journal of Black Studies, 32 (6), 654–672. doi:

Creswell, J. W., Creswell, J. D. (2018). Research Design. Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Los Angeles: Sage, 275.

Walliman, N. (2018). Research Methods. London: Routledge.

Du Bois, W. E. B. (1906). The Second Annual Meeting of the Niagara Conference. Harpers Ferry.

Rodney, W. (1973). How Europe Underdeveloped Africa. London: Bogle –L ’Overture Publications.

Mazrui, A (1980). The African Condition. The Reith Lectures. London: Heinemann Press. The Scholar Denied. W. E. B. Du Bois and the Birth of modern.

Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) (2001). Protocol on Politics, Defence and Security Co-Operation. SADC.

Yesufu, S. (2020). Harmonising Road Transport Legislation in the SADC Region for Crime Prevention. Insight on Africa, 13 (1), 28–55. doi:

Kistin, E.J. (2007) Trans-boundary Cooperation in SADC: From Forum to Implementation.

Dr. Shirley Graham DuBois – Geni. Available at: Bois/6000000026938105581

👁 48
⬇ 24
How to Cite
Yesufu, S. (2021). The continuing relevance of late Dr W.E.B. Du Bois to African scholarship. ScienceRise, (5), 35-44.
Social communications in the society development