Procedure for selecting a rational technological mode for the processing of cast iron melt on the basis of graph-analytical processing of the data of serial smeltings

Keywords: utilization of armored vehicles, cast iron with lamellar graphite, cast iron microstructure, alloying, modification

Abstract

The object of research: cast iron grade DSTU EN 1561 (EN-GJL-200), used for the manufacture of body parts for mechanical engineering.

Investigated problem: the choice of the technological mode of the process of producing cast iron under conditions of multifactorial influence on the formation of its microstructure.

The main scientific results: A procedure for truncation of the influencing factors on the formation of the microstructure is proposed, which is a consistent reduction of data from serial smeltings to uniform conditions allowed by the actual data set. Common conditions mean the closeness of the chemical composition of the melt, which makes it possible to compare the effectiveness of the applied modifiers in combination with microalloying in terms of cast iron microstructure indicators. The proposed data truncation procedure made it possible, by creating conditions for comparing the efficiency of FeSi75 and FeSi65CaBaSr2 modifiers, to develop a rational technological regime for melt processing.

It has been established that the compared modifiers have the same effect on the size of graphite – its content is (50–51) μm, however, the use of FeSi65CaBaSr2 in combination with an alloying complex (0.27 %Cr+0.083 %Ni+0.048 %Ti+0.155 %Cu+0.018 %V ) makes it possible to obtain an average amount of pearlite of 96 % in the microstructure.

The area of practical use of the results of the study: the results obtained can be used in foundries or metallurgical shops of industrial enterprises as part of a general technology for producing cast iron of various grades, developed for cases of incomplete control of the quality of charge materials. Such a situation occurs, for example, when the charge is formed from dismantled armored vehicles that cannot be restored due to destruction on the battlefield.

Innovative technological product: iron smelting technology that allows the possibility of minimizing the cost of smelting in terms of the use of modifiers and alloying ferroalloys

The scope of the technological innovative product: technological regimes for the production of cast iron.

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Author Biography

Denys Nikolaiev, National Technical University «Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute»

Department of Foundry Production

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Published
2022-10-30
How to Cite
Nikolaiev, D. (2022). Procedure for selecting a rational technological mode for the processing of cast iron melt on the basis of graph-analytical processing of the data of serial smeltings. ScienceRise, (5), 3-13. https://doi.org/10.21303/2313-8416.2022.002774
Section
Innovative technologies in industry