Classification of reproduction types of human capital in the context of state regulation
The article examines the essence of the reproduction of human capital process, reveals its main stages (phases) –formation, distribution, exchange and consumption. The specificity of each stage of reproduction of human capital is considered, which makes it possible to realize the need for purposeful investment in a person and study the problems of state regulation at each of the stages.
The article also shows that the reproduction of human capital occurs at the individual, corporate and national levels.
Based on the study of the literature, a classification of the types of reproduction of human capital has been developed. This allows investing in human capital in order to create high quality human capital for the country. The classification of the types of reproduction of human capital is considered according to such characteristics as: the scale of reproduction, the nature of labor resources, the direction of reproduction, the innovativeness of the reproduction process, the completeness of the reproduction process, stages (phases, stages) of the reproduction process and structural components. The expanded reproduction of human capital is disclosed in detail, on which the state regulation of the economy of the most developed countries of the world is focused. The article notes the importance of the reproduction of human capital in providing an innovative "breakthrough" in engineering, technology, organization of production and management.
The influence of the process of reproduction of human capital on the development of the country's economy has been investigated. The necessity of enhancing the activities of the state to create conditions for the effective formation, distribution, exchange and use of human capital has been substantiated.
The role of the state in the formation (accumulation) of human capital through public goods for a person and through the establishment of norms and rules created in society and contributing to the development of this society is presented.
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