The stalemate of community policing in South Africa

Keywords: Barriers, Citizens, community policing forum, Police, Policing, South Africa

Abstract

With the end of the apartheid regime in South Africa, new police service was needed to promote the transition to democracy. Community policing was introduced from the United Kingdom in the 1990s into South Africa as a channel to heal the wounds and injustices of the past. Over Twenty-five years down the road, community policing in South Africa has made little or no impact on the majority of South Africans who will openly admit that they do not attend their local community forums, because they simply do not trust the police because of its oppressive past. It is a widely held view by several South Africans that the Police Service simply cannot change overnight from being a very brutal force to become the protectors of citizen’s human rights. This research is a qualitative study; whereby an extensive literature review was carried, exploring the issues and concepts related to community policing. The findings are that community policing has achieved its desired results. All citizens must go back to the drawing board again to bring community policing back on track for the benefit of all citizens to whom the police serve and protect. The author argues that the bitterness and divisions of the past must put be put to one side and that all citizens must co-create a country, where all South Africans are proudly part of and allowed to make their contributions.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Shaka Yesufu, University of Limpopo

Department of Research and Development

References

Palmiotto, M. J. (2015). Community Policing: A Police –Citizen Partnership. Police image and public expectations of the police to decrease crime. London: Taylor Francis.

Saureman, A., Ivkovic, S. K., Meyer, D.; Haberfield, M. (Ed). (2019). Exploring the reflection between support for community policing and police integrity in South Africa. Springer, 11–137. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-29065-8_5

Skolnick, J., Bayley, D. (1986). The New Blue Line: Police Innovation in Six American Cities. New York: The Free Press, 246.

Carter, D.; Hoover, L. (Ed.) (1992). Community Alliance, in Police Management: Issues and Perspectives. Washington: Police Executive Research Forum.

Trinkner, R., Tyler, T. R., Goff, P. A. (2016). Justice from within: The relations between a procedurally just organizational climate and police organizational efficiency, endorsement of democratic policing, and officer well-being. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 22 (2), 158–172. doi: http://doi.org/10.1037/law0000085

Brogden, M. Nijhar, P. (2005). Community Policing: National and international models and approaches. Devon: Willan Publishing, 272. doi: http://doi.org/10.4324/9781843925798

Kelling, G. L. (2019). Community Policing. Rightly Understood. New York: Springer.

Cossyleon, J. (2019). Community Policing. Chicago: Wiley & Sons Ltd. doi: http://doi.org/10.1002/9781118568446.eurs0058

Ivkovic, S., Haberfeld, M. R. (Eds.) (2015). Studying Police Integrity. Police Integrity across the world. New York: Springer, 1–36. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2279-6_1

Goetz, B. (2016). Community Policing and the Welfare State: The Problem of Institutional Solidarity. Paper Presented at the Urban Affairs Association Annual Conference.

Marenin, O. (2018). Policing Change. Changing Police. International Perspectives. London: Taylor Francis. doi: http://doi.org/10.4324/9781315861487

Yesufu, S. (2017). The Reality of Crime and Policing in the United Kingdom and South Africa, Reach Publishers. Cape Town.

Kelling, G. L. (2019) Community Policing. Rightly Understood. New York: Springer.

Dias, R. A. (2016). Racism Creates Barrier to Effective Community Policing. Southern Illinois University Law Journal, 40 (3), 512–524.

Cummings, L. (2019). Study finds community policing improves attitudes towards the police. Yale News.

Tyler, T. R., Jackson, J., Mentovich, A. (2015). The Consequences of Being an Object of Suspicion: Potential Pitfalls of Proactive Police Contact. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, 12 (4), 602–636. doi: http://doi.org/10.1111/jels.12086

Public Sector Association (2018). Strategies to improve community policing.

Yesufu, S., Motsepe, L. L. (2020). Reflections on the Capacity of Policing Community Protests: A South Africa Perspective. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanity Studies.

Marks, M. (1995). Community Policing, Human Rights and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

Presidential Task Force on 21st Century Policing (2015). Final Report of the President's Task Force on 21st Century Policing. Office of the Community Oriented Policing Services. Washington.

Mummolo, J. (2018). Militarization fails to enhance police safety or reduce crime but may harm police reputation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115 (37), 9181–9186. doi: http://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1805161115

Shjarback, J. A., Nix, J., Wolfe, S. E. (2017). The Ecological Structuring of Police Officers’ Perceptions of Citizen Cooperation. Crime & Delinquency, 64 (9), 1143–1170. doi: http://doi.org/10.1177/0011128717743779

Yesufu, S. (2020). Human Trafficking: A South African Perspective. Ebangi. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 17 (6), 103–120.

Singh, S., Khan, S. (2020). Empowering Women in Blue Uniforms – Gender and Police in South Africa. Gender Questions, 7 (1), 15–30. doi: http://doi.org/10.25159/2412-8457/6769

Qkalhekile, G and Ndelela, M. (2020) Crime in South Africa. Crime Law and Social Change, 1 (1), 1–19.

Beck, C., Rice, C. (2016). How Community Policing Can Work. Available at https://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/12/opinion/how-community-policing-can-work.html Last accessed: 05.03.2021

Biko, S. (2017). I write what I like. South Africa. Pan Macmillan.

Pelser, E. (1999) The Challenges of community Policing in South Africa. Occasional Paper No 42. Institute for Security Studies (ISS).

Maroga, M. (2005). Community Policing and Accountability at Station Level. Center for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation (CSVR) Braamfontein. South Africa.

Singh, D. (2004). Violators and Victims: A Historical Review of Policing in South Africa after a Decade of Democracy. Acta Criminological, 17 (3), 86–98.

Leggett, T. (2005) Just Another Miracle: A Decade of Crime and Justice in Democratic South Africa. Social Research, 72 (3), 581–604.

Minaar, A. (2008). Community Policing in a high crime transitional state: The case of South Africa since democratisation in 1994. 21st Annual ANZOC conference: National Convention Centre. Canberra.

National Crime Prevention Strategy (NCPS) (1998) Republic of South Africa Government Press.

Crime Statistics South Africa. Available at: http://www.statssa.gov.za/?cat=26

South African Police Service (SAPS). Available at: https://www.saps.gov.za/careers/careers.php

Gastrow, P. and Shaw, M. (2001). In Search of Safety: Police Transformations and Public Responses in South Africa. Daedalus, 130 (1), 259.

Minnaar, A. (2010). CRIMSA 2009 Conference Specia Edition No. 2.

Yesufu, S. (2013). Police Corruption. A threat to South Africa democracy. Just Africa Journal, South Africa, All African Criminal Justice Association.

Dunham, G., Alpert, G. P. (2001). Critical Issues in Policing: Contemporary Readings. Illinois: Waveland Press, Inc, 699.

Dixon, B. (2000). Accountable Policing: A Four-Dimensional Analysis. South Africa Criminology Journal, 13 (1), 69–83.

Friedman, W.; Rosenbaum, D. P. (Ed.) (1994). The Community Role in Community Policing. The Challenges of Community Policing: Testing the Promises. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 263–269. doi: http://doi.org/10.4135/9781483327006.n16

Eck, J., Spelman, W. (1987). Problem-Oriented Policing in Newport News. Washington: National Institute of Justice and Police Executive Research Forum.

Minnaar, A. (2010). CRIMSA 2009 Conference Specia Edition No. 2.

Malan, M.; Holm, T. T., Elde, E. B. (Eds.) (2001). Peacebuilding in Southern Africa: policing people in Mozambique and South Africa. Peacebuilding and Police Reform. London: Frank Cass, 179–198. doi: http://doi.org/10.4324/9780203061855-14

Steinberg, J. (2004). Monograph 110: Sector policing on the West Rand: Three case studies.

Brogden, M. (2002). Implanting Community Policing in South Africa: A failure of history of context and theory. Liverpool Law Review, 24, 157–179. doi: http://doi.org/10.1023/a:1023937614261


👁 17
⬇ 22
Published
2021-04-05
How to Cite
Yesufu, S. (2021). The stalemate of community policing in South Africa. EUREKA: Social and Humanities, (2), 61-70. https://doi.org/10.21303/2504-5571.2021.001721
Section
Law