The influence of leadership styles on employee performance in construction firms

Keywords: project management, leadership style, transformative leadership, transactional leadership, autocratic leadership, democratic leadership, employee performance, construction industry


Currently, there is a dearth of research, examining how project managers' leadership styles influence the performance of construction company workers in Cape Town. Other research has discussed this subject on a national or international level. Still, comprehensive data on Cape Town construction firms is lacking. This has prevented local enterprises from understanding the role of their project managers’ leadership styles on employee performance outcomes. This article sought to ascertain how leadership styles influence employee performance in construction firms and to develop a conceptual framework for improving leadership and performance. Through quantitative techniques, 456 questionnaires were distributed at construction sites across Cape Town. Responses were then analysed using an ANOVA test (with the descriptive and regressive methods) and a post-hoc test (using the Bonferroni Method) and correlation analysis. The results reveal a statistically significant positive relationship between project managers’ leadership styles and the performance of subordinate employees. These findings have subsequently been used to develop a conceptual framework of leadership quality development tools, including training, empowerment, coaching, participation, and delegation. The research contributes to new knowledge that will promote local project managers’ leadership development, improve employee performance, and in doing so, increase successful project outcomes across the city.


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Author Biographies

Jean Luc Kalambayi, Cape Peninsula University of Technolo

Graduate Centre for Management

Darlington Peter Onojaefe, Cape Peninsula University of Technology

Graduate Centre for Management

Sophie Nguepi Kasse, Cape Peninsula University of Technology

Graduate Centre for Management

Robertson K. Tengeh, Cape Peninsula University of Technology

Department of Public Administration & Governance


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How to Cite
Kalambayi, J. L., Onojaefe, D. P., Kasse, S. N., & Tengeh, R. K. (2021). The influence of leadership styles on employee performance in construction firms. EUREKA: Social and Humanities, (5), 34-48.
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