Democratization in the post-colonial era: shortcomings

Keywords: Africa, colonialization, democracy, government, political, states, inequality, corruption, service delivery, political instability

Abstract

During colonialism, African countries were exposed to severe living circumstances and human rights abuses. African nations earned their independence and transitioned to democracy in the post-colonial period. Democracy was touted as a method of creating security, stability, and wealth in African countries, as well as demonstrating Africa's independence. The transition to democratic states was viewed as a necessary step for African countries in order to meet the needs of citizens who had previously been enslaved and whose rights had been violated by colonizers. This article examines the current position of democracy in African States post colonialization. This article argues that African leaders have failed to deliver on their promises of democracy, as evidenced by the fact that African countries are characterized by political instability, corruption, poverty, poor public service delivery, inequality, and low economic growth. Only the political elites in Africa have reaped the benefits of democracy, while the rest of the population has fared less favorably. The authors contend that the process of democratization has not afforded democratic African states the opportunity to acquire solutions. The authors acknowledge the progress, made by democratic states; nevertheless, in spite of this progress, a greater number of Africans continue to live below the poverty line. Those who are elected to positions of power have the appearance of being there to serve the people, but in reality, they only serve themselves and their own interests.

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Author Biographies

Xolani Thusi, University of Zululand

Department of Political Science and International Studies

Victor H. Mlambo, University of Johannesburg

School of Public Management, Governance, and Public Policy

Nkosingiphile Mkhize, University of Free State

Department of Public administration and Management 

Muzi Shoba, Nelson Mandela University

Department of Development Studies

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Published
2022-09-30
How to Cite
Thusi, X., Mlambo, V. H., Mkhize, N., & Shoba, M. (2022). Democratization in the post-colonial era: shortcomings. EUREKA: Social and Humanities, (5), 98-108. https://doi.org/10.21303/2504-5571.2022.002407
Section
Social Sciences