The dynamics of implementing climate change adaptation at the local municipal level
The purpose of the paper is to evaluate the dynamics of implementing climate change objectives within the South African local government. Climate change has been intensifying over the years and cities are recognised to be vulnerable. The promulgation of various acts and plans, such as the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa (1996), Spatial Planning and Land Use and Management Act (SPLUMA), National Urban Development Framework and Integrated Development Plan (IDP), is to ensure environmental protection inclusive of climate change mitigation and adaptation. However, the multiplicity of challenges, such as budgetary constraints, lack of political will, capacitated personnel, coupled with service delivery backlogs, deter the commitment by the municipality to implement measures to adapt and mitigate climate change. The persistence of climate change effects around the city has reduced the resilience of South African cities. The resilient theory asserts that cities must have the ability to operate post any perturbation. The adaptation to climate change around the city is important to ensure the system’s ability to be resilient. The study found that the multiplicity of factors, interplaying within the City of Polokwane, demonstrates difficulties to adapt and mitigating climate change. The study concludes that the employment of solar systems, maintenance of drainage systems and proper planning are key determinants of affective planning in an attempt to mitigate and adapt to climate change
Balkaran, S. (2019). Smart cities as misplaced priorities in South Africa: a complex balance of conflicting societal needs. Journal of Management & Administration, 2019 (2), 1–30.
Mokgotho, K. D., Mokoele, N. J. (2020). The efficacy of municipal spatial plans implementation towards mitigating climate change: South African institutional challenges. International Conference on Public Administration and Development Alternatives.
Mokgotho, K. D., Mokoele, N. J. (2021). Examining the Efficacy of spatial plans towards mitigating climate change at the local level: a case of Polokwane local municipality, South Africa. European Journal of Economics, Law and Social Sciences, 5 (3), 216–229.
Hossain, M. F. (2017). Green science: independent building technology to mitigate energy, environment, and climate change’, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 73, 695–705. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.01.136
Mashizha, T. M. (2019). Adapting to climate change: Reflections of peasant farmers in Mashonaland West Province of Zimbabwe. Jàmbá Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, 11 (1). doi: http://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v11i1.571
Taylor, A. (2016). Institutional inertia in a changing climate. International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, 8 (2), 194–211. doi: http://doi.org/10.1108/ijccsm-03-2014-0033
Meerow, S., Newell, J. P. (2015). Resilience and Complexity: A Bibliometric Review and Prospects for Industrial Ecology. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 19 (2), 236–251. doi: http://doi.org/10.1111/jiec.12252
Meerow, S., Newell, J. P., Stults, M. (2016). Defining urban resilience: A review. Landscape and Urban Planning, 147, 38–49. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2015.11.011
Simatele, D., Simatele, M. (2014). Climate variability and urban food security in sub-Saharan Africa: lessons from Zambia using an asset-based adaptation framework. South African Geographical Journal, 97 (3), 243–263. doi: http://doi.org/10.1080/03736245.2014.924873
Holling, C. S. (1973). Resilience and Stability of Ecological Systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 4 (1), 1–23. doi: http://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.04.110173.000245
Liao, K. (2012). A theory on urban resilience to floods – a basis for alternative planning practises. Ecology and Society, 17 (4), 48. doi: http://doi.org/10.5751/es-05231-170448
Cosens, B. (2010). Transboundary river governance in the face of uncertainty: resilience theory and the Columbia River Treaty. Journal of Land Resources & Environmental Law, 30 (2), 229–265.
Mogano, P., Mokoele, N. (2019). South African Climate Change Adaptation Politics: Urban Governance Prospects. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanity Studies, 11 (1), 68–83.
Dannevig, H., Rauken, T., Hovelsrud, G. (2012). Implementing adaptation to climate change at the local level. Local Environment, 17 (6-7), 597–611. doi: http://doi.org/10.1080/13549839.2012.678317
Moser, S. C., Ekstrom, J. A. (2010). A framework to diagnose barriers to climate change adaptation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107 (51), 22026–22031. doi: http://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1007887107
Bulkeley, H., Betsill, M. (2005). Rethinking sustainable cities: Multilevel governance and the 'urban' politics of climate change. Environmental politics, 14 (1), 42–63. doi: http://doi.org/10.1080/0964401042000310178
Monama, S. A., Mokoele, N. J., Mokgotho, K. D. (2022). South African spatial planning fragmentation: repealing the apartheid planning imprint. International Journal of Entrepreneurship, 26 (1), 1–11.
Mokoele, J., Sebola, M. (2018). Unplanned urbanisation in South African cities: the emergence of urban environmental problems. The Business & Management Review, 9 (3), 574–584.
Mongala, S., Tema, K. S., Mokoele, N. J., Manamela, M. G. (2019). ‘Dilemmas of Implementing Climate Change Adaptation Policies: The Prospects and Constraints of Multilevel Governance. International Conference on Public Administration and Development Alternative (IPADA). Johannesburg.
Koch, I. C., Vogel, C., Patel, Z. (2006). Institutional dynamics and climate change adaptation in South Africa. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 12 (8), 1323–1339. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/s11027-006-9054-5
Bifulco, F., Tregua, M., Amitrano, C. C., D’Auria, A. (2016). ICT and sustainability in smart cities management. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 29 (2), 132–147. doi: http://doi.org/10.1108/ijpsm-07-2015-0132
Juhola, S. (2016). Barriers to the implementation of climate change adaptation in land use planning. International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, 8 (3), 338–355. doi: http://doi.org/10.1108/ijccsm-03-2014-0030
Tachizawa, E. M., Alvarez-Gil, M. J., Montes-Sancho, M. J. (2015). How “smart cities” will change supply chain management. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 20 (3), 237–248. doi: http://doi.org/10.1108/scm-03-2014-0108
Copyright (c) 2022 Ngoako J. Mokoele
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the Creative Commons CC BY copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons CC BY, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.