Learning through radio and television during COVID-19: perspectives of K-12 stakeholders

Keywords: television, radio, K-12 student, teachers, teaching and learning, COVID-19


The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted traditional education, leading to the adoption of alternative methods, such as learning through radio and television for K-12 students. Television and radio became popularly adopted platforms to disseminate educational resources during the pandemic in developing countries, such as Nigeria. This study gathers the perspective of K-12 teachers and students during the crisis to find out the effectiveness of the utilized platforms, examine the challenges encountered, and suggest the way forward in case of future occurrence. The concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM) guided the study. A qualitative methodology of interpretivism was employed using 20 participants that comprise students and teachers across the five south-western states in Nigeria. Findings show that teachers adapted their lessons to be delivered through broadcasts, while school administrators have worked closely with broadcasters to develop and implement educational content. Students have had mixed experiences, with some finding radio and television engaging, while others face challenges with engagement and adaptability. In essence, the result shows that most of the respondents though acknowledged the effectiveness of the radio and television approach to learning but opined that the lessons are not detailed enough. Furthermore, educational television broadcast is preferable to radio lessons as the visual effect contributes significantly to learning. The study concludes that broadcasters have played a critical role in delivering educational content, partnering with schools, and developing programs that align with the curriculum during the pandemic. The study discussed its implication, followed by limitations, and gave direction for future studies.


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Author Biographies

Musa Adekunle Ayanwale, University of Johannesburg

Department of Science and Technology Education

Habeeb Omoponle Adewuyi, University of Johannesburg

Department of Educational Psychology

Olakunle Waheed Afolabi, Osun State College of Education

Department of Educational Technology


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How to Cite
Ayanwale, M. A., Adewuyi, H. O., & Afolabi, O. W. (2023). Learning through radio and television during COVID-19: perspectives of K-12 stakeholders. EUREKA: Social and Humanities, (2), 61-72. https://doi.org/10.21303/2504-5571.2023.002663
Social Sciences