RELEASING HORMONE AND VITAMIN EFFICIENCY IN THE TREATMENT OF OBSTETRIC AND GYNECOLOGICAL PATHOLOGIES IN BREEDING SOWS

Keywords: reproduction, sow infertility, releasing hormone, surfagon, immune, symptomatic, alimentary infertility

Abstract

Reproduction is a crucial issue at the present stage in the pig husbandry development. Infertility of breeding sows leads to excessive use of feed, increased costs associated with failed inseminations, insufficient breed and early culling of sows.

Aim of the research. Study of infertility types and prevention of postpartum diseases in sows in order to develop methods to control them.

Methods. A two-stage experiment was carried out in 2019–2020 at the LLC "Ryasnyanske" farm in Sumy region, Ukraine. The first stage involved development of a method for prevention and control of infertility in sows. The second stage focused on the method of postpartum pathology prevention.

Results. The conducted research established that surfagon and vitamins manifested the highest efficiency in case of alimentary infertility as they increased fertilization by 20.8 %. In terms of symptomatic infertility, the best results were achieved through a combined use of surfagon and gonadotropic hormone for both primary and multiple fertilization of sows, especially considering extremely low values ​​in the control group - 15 % and 6.5 % of piglets, respectively. Aminazine proved to be the most effective remedy for immune infertility, the obtained results were 17.2 % higher than in the control group. Surfagon at a dose of 5 ml together with estrofan twice a day fully prevented inflammatory postpartum pathologies in sows.

Conclusions. Pathologies of the reproductive organs in sows are widespread at pork-producing farms. Individual use of surfagon was justified for treatment of alimentary, symptomatic and immune infertility of sows and prevention of postpartum pathologies. A combined use of tissue therapy and biologically active drugs proved to be the most effective. The treatment regimens described above reduce infertility and prevent postpartum pathologies in sows.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Alex Chekan, Sumy National Agrarian University

Department of Obstetrics and Surgery

Sergey Khilko, Sumy National Agrarian University

Department of Obstetrics and Surgery

References

Fu, J., Yao, R., Luo, Y., Yang, D., Cao, Y., Qiu, Y. et. al. (2016). Immune Infertility Should Be Positively Diagnosed Using an Accurate Method by Monitoring the Level of Anti-ACTL7a Antibody. Scientific Reports, 6 (1). doi: http://doi.org/10.1038/srep22844

Restrepo, B., Cardona Maya, W. (2013). Anticuerpos antiespermatozoides y su asociación con la fertilidad. Actas Urológicas Españolas, 37 (9), 571–578. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.acuro.2012.11.003

Arend, L. S., Knox, R. V., Greiner, L. L., Graham, A. B., Connor, J. F. (2019). Effects of feeding melatonin during proestrus and early gestation to gilts and parity 1 sows to minimize effects of seasonal infertility1. Journal of Animal Science, 97 (11), 4635–4646. doi: http://doi.org/10.1093/jas/skz307

Peltoniemi, O., Oliviero, C., Yun, J., Grahofer, A., Björkman, S. (2020). Management practices to optimize the parturition process in the hyperprolific sow. Journal of Animal Science, 98 (Supplement_1), S96–S106. doi: http://doi.org/10.1093/jas/skaa140

Lopes, T. P., Padilla, L., Bolarin, A., Rodriguez-Martinez, H., Roca, J. (2020). Ovarian Follicle Growth during Lactation Determines the Reproductive Performance of Weaned Sows. Animals, 10 (6), 1012. doi: http://doi.org/10.3390/ani10061012

Lopes, T. P., Sanchez-Osorio, J., Bolarin, A., Martinez, E. A., Roca, J. (2014). Relevance of ovarian follicular development to the seasonal impairment of fertility in weaned sows. The Veterinary Journal, 199 (3), 382–386. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2013.11.026

Hultén, F., Wallenbeck, A., Rydhmer, L. (2006). Ovarian Activity and Oestrous Signs among Group-Housed, Lactating Sows: Influence of Behaviour, Environment and Production. Reproduction in Domestic Animals, 41 (5), 448–454. doi: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0531.2006.00691.x

Björkman, S., Grahofer, A. (2020). Tools and Protocols for Managing Hyperprolific Sows at Parturition: Optimizing Piglet Survival and Sows’ Reproductive Health. Animal Reproduction in Veterinary Medicine. doi: http://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.91337

Kauffold, J., Peltoniemi, O., Wehrend, A., Althouse, G. C. (2019). Principles and Clinical Uses of Real-Time Ultrasonography in Female Swine Reproduction. Animals, 9 (11), 950. doi: http://doi.org/10.3390/ani9110950

Björkman, S., Oliviero, C., Kauffold, J., Soede, N. M., Peltoniemi, O. A. T. (2018). Prolonged parturition and impaired placenta expulsion increase the risk of postpartum metritis and delay uterine involution in sows. Theriogenology, 106, 87–92. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2017.10.003

Percie du Sert, N., Hurst, V., Ahluwalia, A., Alam, S., Avey, M. T., Baker, M. et. al. (2020). The ARRIVE guidelines 2.0: Updated guidelines for reporting animal research. PLOS Biology, 18 (7), e3000410. doi: http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.3000410

Software.informer. Available at: https://spss.software.informer.com/17.0/

Dickson, M. J., Hager, C. L., Al-Shaibi, A., Thomas, P. Q., Baumgard, L. H., Ross, J. W., Keating, A. F. (2018). Impact of heat stress during the follicular phase on porcine ovarian steroidogenic and phosphatidylinositol-3 signaling. Journal of Animal Science, 96 (6), 2162–2174. doi: http://doi.org/10.1093/jas/sky144

Bidne, K. L., Kvidera, S. S., Ross, J. W., Baumgard, L. H., Keating, A. F. (2018). Impact of repeated lipopolysaccharide administration on ovarian signaling during the follicular phase of the estrous cycle in post-pubertal pigs. Journal of Animal Science, 96 (9), 3622–3634. doi: http://doi.org/10.1093/jas/sky226

Koketsu, Y., Tani, S., Iida, R. (2017). Factors for improving reproductive performance of sows and herd productivity in commercial breeding herds. Porcine Health Management, 3 (1). doi: http://doi.org/10.1186/s40813-016-0049-7

Langendijk, P., Fleuren, M., van Hees, H., van Kempen, T. (2018). The Course of Parturition Affects Piglet Condition at Birth and Survival and Growth through the Nursery Phase. Animals, 8 (5), 60. doi: http://doi.org/10.3390/ani8050060

Vallet, J. L., Miles, J. R., Brown-Brandl, T. M., Nienaber, J. A. (2010). Proportion of the litter farrowed, litter size, and progesterone and estradiol effects on piglet birth intervals and stillbirths. Animal Reproduction Science, 119 (1-2), 68–75. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.anireprosci.2009.11.004


👁 42
⬇ 29
Published
2020-10-29
How to Cite
Chekan, A., & Khilko, S. (2020). RELEASING HORMONE AND VITAMIN EFFICIENCY IN THE TREATMENT OF OBSTETRIC AND GYNECOLOGICAL PATHOLOGIES IN BREEDING SOWS. Technology Transfer: Innovative Solutions in Medicine, 43-46. https://doi.org/10.21303/2585-663.2020.001449
Section
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine