FACTORS OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR IN ADOLESCENTS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER
This study is devoted to the problem of sexual functioning among adolescents with autism spectrum disorder.
The main goal of the current research is to explore the factors, related to behavioral displays of sexuality of adolescents with ASD. The theoretical analysis of causes that may provoke inappropriate sexual behavior of individuals with ASD is given. The hypothesis that such factors as intelligence level, social functioning level, sexual knowledge and parenting style can be related with sexual behavior of adolescents with ASD is tested in the current study.
The adolescents with ASD and their peers without the developmental disorder were found to be significantly different at the displays of inappropriate sexual behavior, the factor of diagnosis showed a great impact. The current study also reveals that higher levels of social functioning and sexual education of individuals with ASD are related to more adequate sexual behavior. As for the intelligence level, it did not show a significant effect on the displays of sexual behavior among individuals with ASD. The relation between parenting styles, which are common in families with individuals with ASD, and sexual behavior displays were also discussed in the article.
In conclusion, the author outlines the importance of adequate sexual education and healthy parenting styles for an appropriate sexual functioning of adolescents with ASD.
Seltzer, M. M., Shattuck, P., Abbeduto, L., Greenberg, J. S. (2004). Trajectory of development in adolescents and adults with autism. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 10 (4), 234–247. doi: http://doi.org/10.1002/mrdd.20038
Gougeon, N. A. (2010). Sexuality and Autism: A Critical Review of Selected Literature Using a Social-Relational Model of Disability. American Journal of Sexuality Education, 5 (4), 328–361. doi: http://doi.org/10.1080/15546128.2010.527237
Hénault, I. (2006). Asperger’s syndrome and sexuality: from adolescence through adulthood. London and Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. 208.
Mehzabin, P., Stokes, M. A. (2011). Self-assessed sexuality in young adults with High-Functioning Autism. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5 (1), 614–621. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2010.07.006
Byers, E. S., Nichols, S., Voyer, S. D. (2013). Challenging Stereotypes: Sexual Functioning of Single Adults with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43 (11), 2617–2627. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-013-1813-z
Dewinter, J., Vermeiren, R., Vanwesenbeeck, I., Lobbestael, J., Van Nieuwenhuizen, C. (2014). Sexuality in Adolescent Boys with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Self-reported Behaviours and Attitudes. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45 (3), 731–741. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2226-3
Brown-Lavoie, S. M., Viecili, M. A., Weiss, J. A. (2014). Sexual Knowledge and Victimization in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44 (9), 2185–2196. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2093-y
Stokes, M., Newton, N., Kaur, A. (2007). Stalking, and Social and Romantic Functioning Among Adolescents and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37 (10), 1969–1986. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0344-2
Beddows, N., Brooks, R. (2015). Inappropriate sexual behaviour in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder: what education is recommended and why. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 10 (4), 282–289. doi: http://doi.org/10.1111/eip.12265
Hellemans, H., Colson, K., Verbraeken, C., Vermeiren, R., Deboutte, D. (2006). Sexual Behavior in High-Functioning Male Adolescents and Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37 (2), 260–269. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0159-1
Stokes, M. A., Kaur, A. (2005). High-functioning autism and sexuality: A parental perspective. Autism, 9 (3), 266–289. doi: http://doi.org/10.1177/1362361305053258
Realmuto, G. M., Ruble, L. A. (1999). Sexual behaviors in autism: problems of definition and management. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 29 (2), 121–127. doi: http://doi.org/10.1023/a:1023088526314
Ousley, O. Y., Mesibov, G. B. (1991). Sexual attitudes and knowledge of high-functioning adolescents and adults with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 21 (4), 471–481. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/bf02206871
Konstantareas, M. M., Lunsky, Y. J. (1997). Sociosexual knowledge, experience, attitudes, and interests of individuals with autistic disorder and developmental delay. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 27 (4), 397–413. doi: http://doi.org/10.1023/a:1025805405188
Dubovyk, M. O. (2015). Sexual behavior features of individuals with autism spectrum disrders. Actual problems of sociology, psychology, pedagogy, 2 (27), 19–25.
Muhordova, O. E. (2011). Manual for Raven's Progressive Matrices. Izhevsk: Udmurtskii university, 70.
Rutter, M., Bailey, A., Lord, C. (2013). Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ). Giunti O.S., 40.
Eidemiller, E. G. (2008). Family Psychology and Psychotherapy. Saint Petersburg: Piter, 672.
Dubovyk, M. O. (2015). Parenting styles and sexual behavior of individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Theoretical and applied problems of psychology, 3 (38), 165–174.
Copyright (c) 2020 Mariia Maksymchuk
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.