UNIVERSITY – INDUSTRY INTERACTION ON KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT THROUGH OPEN INNOVATION SYSTEMS
This theoretical paper discusses knowledge management in an open innovation systems context on a basis of university – industry collaboration. Knowledge management is necessary to ensure the inbound and outbound flows of knowledge that define open innovation, and to ensure that the knowledge, provided by the open innovation process ,can be used for successful collaboration between universities and industry. The importance of knowledge is emphasized in the literature on open innovation, but most modern literature takes only a narrow point of view on the problem and is not related to knowledge management through inter-institutional collaboration. The paper discusses the General framework conditions for efficient university-industry collaboration and in this context, it outlines the Systematic procedure of open innovation implementation. The main outlined knowledge flows in networking shows a combination of a positive and neutral effect on the effectiveness of innovation at the level of business units, which means that open innovation within the network is generally beneficial for a multidisciplinary organization as well as Incoming innovations across organizational boundaries are beneficial for the innovation activity of a business unit, in contrast to outgoing innovations that have a neutral effect on it. The ability of organization to recognize the value of new external information, absorb and apply it for commercial purposes is crucial for its innovative potential. The creation of knowledge and the ability to master can be created without a special R&D unit in university - joint research and development can be fruitful, and trade areas can provide the opportunity for training and joint acquisition of new knowledge.
Chesbrough, H. (2003). Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 222.
Chesbrough, H.; Chesbrough, H., Vanhaverbeke, W., West, J. (Eds.) (2006). Open Innovation: Researching a New Paradigm. Oxford University Press, 1–12.
Haapalainen, P., Kantola, J. (2015). Taxonomy of Knowledge Management in Open Innovations. Procedia Manufacturing, 3, 688–695. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2015.07.307
Rauter, R., Globocnik, D., Perl-Vorbach, E., Baumgartner, R. J. (2019). Open innovation and its effects on economic and sustainability innovation performance. Journal of Innovation & Knowledge, 4 (4), 226–233. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jik.2018.03.004
Stefan, I., Bengtsson, L. (2017). Unravelling appropriability mechanisms and openness depth effects on firm performance across stages in the innovation process. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 120, 252–260. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2017.03.014
Mustaquim, M. M., Nyström, T. (2014). Designing Information Systems for Sustainability – The Role of Universal Design and Open Innovation. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 1–16. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-06701-8_1
Tsai, K.-H., Liao, Y.-C. (2016). Sustainability Strategy and Eco-Innovation: A Moderation Model. Business Strategy and the Environment, 26 (4), 426–437. doi: http://doi.org/10.1002/bse.1926
Pertuze, J. A., Calder, E. S., Greitzer, E. M., Lucas, W. A. (2010). Best Practices for Industry University Collaboration. MIT Sloan Management Review, 51 (4), 83–90.
DG Education & Culture (2011). Case studies taken from: Order 93 –University Business Forum 15 institutional case studies on the links between higher education institutions and businesses.
Barnes, T. P., Pashby, I., Gibbons, A. (2002). Effective University – Industry Interaction: A Multicase Evaluation of Collaborative R&D Projects. European Management Journal, 20 (3), 272–285. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/s0263-2373(02)00044-0
Gumus, B., Cubukcu, A. (2011). Open Innovation Survey in Top Turkish Companies. Proceedings of 11th Technology Management in the Energy Smart World (PICMET). Portland, 1–6.
Roshani, M., Lehoux, N., Frayret, J. (2015). University-Industry collaborations and open innovations: An integrated methodology for mutually beneficial relationships. Working Paper 2015-22. Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherche sur les Réseaux d’Enterprise, la Logistique et le Transport–CIRRELT, 33.
Dahlander, L., Gann, D. M. (2010). How open is innovation? Research Policy, 39 (6), 699–709. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2010.01.013
Bruneel, J., D’Este, P., Salter, A. (2010). Investigating the factors that diminish the barriers to university–industry collaboration. Research Policy, 39 (7), 858–868. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2010.03.006
Wallin, M. W., Von Krogh, G. (2010). Organizing for Open Innovation: Organizational Dynamics, 39 (2), 145–154. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgdyn.2010.01.010
Oliveira, L. S. de, Echeveste, M. E. S., Cortimiglia, M. N., Gonçalves, C. G. C. (2017). Analysis of determinants for Open Innovation implementation in Regional Innovation Systems. RAI Revista de Administração e Inovação, 14 (2), 119–129. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.rai.2017.03.006
Chesbrough, H. W. (2012). GE’s ecomagination challenge: An experiment in open innovation. University of California: Berkeley-Haas School of Business. Case Series, 1–17. doi: http://doi.org/10.4135/9781526409485
Ades, C., Figlioli, A., Sbragia, R., Porto, G., Plonsky, G. A., Celadon, K. (2013). Implementing open innovation: The case of natura, IBM and Siemens. Journal of Technology Management and Innovation, 8, 12–25. doi: http://doi.org/10.4067/s0718-27242013000300057
Van-Home, C., Poulin, D., Landry, R., Frayret, J. M. (2008). Three Actor View of Academic-Industry Research Centers: Towards a Taxonomy. CIRRELT, 1–20.
Villasalero, M. (2013). Signaling, spillover and learning effects of knowledge flows on division performance within related diversified firms. Journal of Knowledge Management, 17 (6), 928–942. doi: http://doi.org/10.1108/jkm-03-2013-0101
Lichtenthaler, U. (2010). Organizing for external technology exploitation in diversified firms. Journal of Business Research, 63 (11), 1245–1253. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2009.11.005
Villasalero, M. (2015). Multi-Business Firms, Knowledge Flows and Intra-Network Open Innovations. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 9 (1), 162–179. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/s13132-015-0330-z
Cohen, W. M., Levinthal, D. A. (1990). Absorptive Capacity: A New Perspective on Learning and Innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35 (1), 128. doi: http://doi.org/10.2307/2393553
Padilla-Meléndez, A., Garrido-Moreno, A. (2012). Open innovation in universities: What motivates researchers to engage in knowledge transfer exchanges? International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, 18 (4), 417–439. doi: http://doi.org/10.1108/13552551211239474
Perkmann, M., Walsh, K. (2007). University–industry relationships and open innovation: Towards a research agenda. International Journal of Management Reviews, 9 (4), 259–280. doi: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2370.2007.00225.x
Yuan, X., Li, X. (2019). The combination of different open innovations: a longitudinal case study. Chinese Management Studies, 13 (2), 342–362. doi: http://doi.org/10.1108/cms-02-2018-0410
Copyright (c) 2020 Rasa Viederyte
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.