INVESTIGATION ON THE AIR-GAS CHARACTERISTICS OF AIR-HYDROGEN MIXER DESIGNED FOR DUAL FUEL – ENGINES

Keywords: AIR hydrogen Mixer, Dual Fuel, hydrogen-diesel, Computational fluid dynamics

Abstract

High smoke emissions, nitrogen oxide and particulate matter typically produced by diesel engines. Diminishing the exhausted emissions without doing any significant changes in their mechanical configuration is a challenging subject. Thus, adding hydrogen to the traditional fuel would be the best practical choice to ameliorate diesel engines performance and reduce emissions. The air hydrogen mixer is an essential part of converting the diesel engine to work under dual fuel mode (hydrogen-diesel) without any engine modification. In this study, the Air-hydrogen mixer is developed to get a homogenous mixture for hydrogen with air and a stoichiometric air-fuel ratio according to the speed of the engine. The mixer depends on the balance between the force exerted on the head surface of the valve and the opposite forces (the spring and friction forces) and its relation to decrease and increase the fuel inlet. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis software was utilised to study the hydrogen and airflow behaviour inside the mixer, established by 3.2 L engine. The Air-hydrogen mixer is examined with different speeds of engine1000, 2000, 3000 and 4000 RPM. Results showed air-hydrogen mixture was homogenous in the mixer. Furthermore, the stoichiometric air-fuel ratio was achieved according to the speed of the engine, the developed mixer of the AIR-Hydrogen mixing process provides high mixing homogeneity and engines with stoichiometric air-fuel ratios, which subsequently contributes to the high levels of efficiency in engine operation. In summary, the current study intends to reduce the emissions of gases and offer a wide range of new alternative fuels usage. While the performance of the diesel engine with the new air-hydrogen mixer needs to be tested practically.

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Author Biographies

Alaulddin A. Kazum, University of Baghdad

Department of Reconstruction and Projects

Osam H. Attia, University of Baghdad

Department of Reconstruction and Projects

Ali I. Mosa, University of Baghdad

Department of Mechanical Engineering

College of Engineering

Nor Mariah. Adam, Universiti Putra Malaysia Bintulu Sarawak Campus

Department of Science and Technology

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Published
2021-03-29
How to Cite
Kazum, A. A., Attia, O. H., Mosa, A. I., & Mariah. Adam, N. (2021). INVESTIGATION ON THE AIR-GAS CHARACTERISTICS OF AIR-HYDROGEN MIXER DESIGNED FOR DUAL FUEL – ENGINES. EUREKA: Physics and Engineering, (2), 66-77. https://doi.org/10.21303/2461-4262.2021.001722
Section
Engineering