Analysis of bus performance on the risk of traffic accidents in East Java-Indonesia

Keywords: bus performance, risk, traffic, accident, transportation, principal component analysis, East Java

Abstract

Bus transportation performance must be able to demonstrate safety performance capabilities, one of which is the condition of the vehicle. Therefore, to achieve bus vehicles' safety performance, research must be carried out to determine the causes of accidents. This study aims to determine the causes of accidents related to vehicle conditions. Some of the variables that are observed include brake, wheel, equipment, stability, and worthiness. The data collection method used is to collect secondary data on the incidence of accidents from each Resort Police Office in each district traversed by the intercity public bus route. The roads traversed by the public bus transportation routes between the cities that are the object of the study include Sidoarjo Regency, Pasuruan Regency, Probolinggo Regency, Mojokerto Regency, Madiun Regency, and Ngawi Regency. The analytical method to obtain mathematical modeling is to use Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The results show that five factors analyzed, four main actors, cause intercity bus accidents, namely brakes, wheels, stability, and worthiness. The four factors are interrelated with each other, where these factors support each other and trigger accidents and obtained a mathematical model of the factors causing the accident which can be explained by two mathematical equations, namely PC1=0.61X1+0.70X2+0.46X3+0.63X4+0.72X5 and PC2= 0.47X1 0.17X2+0.76X3 0.26X4+0.31X5. The study results also illustrate that accidents caused by an inappropriate wheel are always followed by a breakdown of the braking system that is not functioning properly, and the wheel system consisting of wheel and brake conditions will be a problem triggering the accident

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Aji Suraji, University of Widyagama Malang; Brawijaya University

Department of Civil Engineering

Department of Civil Engineering

Ludfi Djakfar, Brawijaya University

Department of Civil Engineering

Achmad Wicaksono, Brawijaya University

Department of Civil Engineering

Engineering Faculty

References

Cafiso, S., Di Graziano, A., Pappalardo, G. (2012). Road Safety Issues for Bus Transport Management. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 48, 2251–2261. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.06.1198

Yang, D. (2007). Trends in Transit Bus Accidents and Promising Collision Countermeasures. Journal of Public Transportation, 10 (3), 119–136. doi: https://doi.org/10.5038/2375-0901.10.3.7

Lin, T.-W., Hwang, S.-L., Green, P. A. (2009). Effects of time-gap settings of adaptive cruise control (ACC) on driving performance and subjective acceptance in a bus driving simulator. Safety Science, 47 (5), 620–625. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2008.08.004

Public Transport Reform Guideline for Indonesian Cities (2019). ITDP. Available at: https://www.itdp-indonesia.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/Public-Transport-Reform-Guideline-for-Indonesian-Cities-Mobilize-Revisi-1-1.pdf

Suraji, A., Tjahjono, N. (2012). A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of Accidents Caused by the Motorcycle Aspect in Urban Area. International Journal for Traffic and Transport Engineering, 2 (1), 60–69.

Chang, H.-L., Yeh, C.-C. (2005). Factors affecting the safety performance of bus companies – The experience of Taiwan bus deregulation. Safety Science, 43 (5-6), 323–344. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2005.07.001

Suraji, A., Harnen, S., Wicaksono, A., Djakfar, L. (2017). Driver Performance Problems of Intercity Bus Public Transportation Safety in Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 267, 012026. doi: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899x/267/1/012026

Taylor, M. C., Baruya, A., Kennedy, J. V. (2002). The relatioship between speed and accidents on rural single-carriageway roads. Prepared for Road Safety Division, Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions. TRL Rep. TRL 511.

Smith, G. S., Huang, Y.-H., Ho, M., Chen, P. Y. (2006). The relationship between safety climate and injury rates across industries: The need to adjust for injury hazards. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 38 (3), 556–562. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2005.11.013

Sezhian, M. V., Muralidharan, C., Nambirajan, T., Deshmukh, S. G. (2011). Ranking of a Public Sector Passenger Bus Transport Company Using Principal Component Analysis: a Case Study. Management Research and Practice, 3 (1), 62–71.

Ma, M., Yan, X., Huang, H., Abdel-Aty, M. (2010). Safety of Public Transportation Occupational Drivers: Risk Perception, Attitudes, and Driving Behavior. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2145 (1), 72–79. doi: https://doi.org/10.3141/2145-09

Porcu, F., Olivo, A., Maternini, G., Barabino, B. (2020). Evaluating bus accident risks in public transport. Transportation Research Procedia, 45, 443–450. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2020.03.037

Joewono, T. B., Kubota, H. (2006). Safety and security improvement in public transportation based on public perception in developing countries. IATSS Research, 30 (1), 86–100. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0386-1112(14)60159-x

Hoekstra, T., Wegman, F. (2011). Improving the effectiveness of road safety campaigns: Current and new practices. IATSS Research, 34 (2), 80–86. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iatssr.2011.01.003


👁 24
⬇ 23
Published
2021-05-27
How to Cite
Suraji, A., Djakfar, L., & Wicaksono, A. (2021). Analysis of bus performance on the risk of traffic accidents in East Java-Indonesia. EUREKA: Physics and Engineering, (3), 111-118. https://doi.org/10.21303/2461-4262.2021.001820
Section
Engineering