A numerical study to improve the position and angle of the producer gas injector inside the intake manifold to minimize emissions and efficiency enhancement of a bi engine

Keywords: mixture homogeneity, gas injector orientation, producer gas, computational fluid dynamics, environment


To develop a petrol engine so that it works under the bi-engine pattern (producer gas-petrol) without any additional engine modifications, a single-point injection method inside the intake manifold is a simple and inexpensive method. Still, it leads to poor mixing performance between the air and producer gas. This deficiency can cause unsatisfactory engine performance and high exhaust emissions. In order to improve the mixing inside the intake manifold, nine separate cases were modelled to evaluate the impact of the position and angle orientation inside the intake manifold on the uniformity and spread of the mixture under AFR=2.07. A petrol engine (1.6 L), the maximum engine speed (8000 rpm), and bi-engine mode (petrol-producer gas engine). The employ of the numerical simulation software (ANSYS workbench 19), the propagation, flow characteristics, and uniformity of the blend within the nine different cases were evaluated. According to the outcomes of the numerical simulation, it was found that creating vortices and turbulent flow for the producer gas and air inside the intake manifold is the perfect method to obtain a uniformity mixture of air and producer gas inside the intake manifold. In addition, extending the blending duration allows air and producer gas fuel to be mixed efficiently. Furthermore, the greatest uniformity and the maximum spread rate at the outlet of manifold are obtained in cases 1, 4, and 7, when the producer gas injector location is constant (P1, P2 or P3). In addition, the weakest spread of producer gas at the outlet of the manifold is observed in case 9 in comparison with the other cases. Moreover, it is observed that case (1) generated the maximum uniformity index (UI) level


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Author Biographies

Hussein A. Mahmood, University of Baghdad

Department of Reconstruction and Projects

Ali O. Al-Sulttani, University of Baghdad

Department of Water Resources Engineering

College of Engineering

Osam H. Attia, University of Baghdad

Department of Reconstruction and Projects

Nor Mariah. Adam, Universiti Putra Malaysia Bintulu Sarawak Campus

Department of Science and Technology


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How to Cite
Mahmood, H. A., Al-Sulttani, A. O., Attia, O. H., & Adam, N. M. (2021). A numerical study to improve the position and angle of the producer gas injector inside the intake manifold to minimize emissions and efficiency enhancement of a bi engine. EUREKA: Physics and Engineering, (5), 100-109. https://doi.org/10.21303/2461-4262.2021.002045