Analysis of three-layer gasket performance affected by flange surface

Keywords: leakage, performance, surface, roughness, contact width, contact stress, thickness, sealing, gasket, corrugated

Abstract

Gaskets are components that play a very important role in piping connections to prevent leakage. Several factors affect the performance of the gasket, one of which is the contact surface of the flange. The quality of the contact surfaces in the connection also influences the leakage rate of each connection, therefore the gasket sealing performance is assessed by the rate of leakage that occurs. As a result, the surface roughness of the flange has an effect on sealing. This study examines the capability of a three-layer corrugated metal gasket to prevent leakage when the outside layer thickness and flange roughness are adjusted. The feature of three-layer corrugated metal gasket was elucidated using the finite element analysis (FEA) and experimental method. The leak rate was tested using a helium leak quantity test experimentally. The gasket was constructed with oxygen-free copper (C1020) as the outside layer and SUS304 as the base layer, and it was structured in a three-layer pattern with no bonding. A mold press was used to make the gasket. The simulation method applies finite element analysis software to investigate the correlation between contact stress, contact width, surface thickness and surface roughness. The projected results matched the experiment results fairly well. A three-layer corrugated metal gasket shows improvement capability to prevent leakage than a single gasket (standard). The gasket three-layer shows sealing performance improvement that leakage did not occur in low axial force 40 kN for all surface roughness test. In terms of sealing, a three-layer gasket with a low thickness ratio works well. Surface roughness of the flange has no influence on the three-layer gasket

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

I Made Gatot Karohika, Udayana University

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Department of Mechanical Engineering Master Program

Shigeyuki Haruyama, Yamaguchi University

Management of Technology Department

References

Li, X., Yao, C., Li, J. (2016). Research on Tightness Performance of Corrugated Gasket Bolted Flanged Connections System. Volume 1B: Codes and Standards. doi: https://doi.org/10.1115/pvp2016-63794

Wei, Z., Wang, L., Guan, Y., Yao, S., Li, S. (2016). Static metal sealing mechanism of a subsea pipeline mechanical connector. Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 8 (7), 168781401665482. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/1687814016654821

Hosoya, N., Hosokawa, T., Kajiwara, I., Hashimura, S., Huda, F. (2018). Evaluation of the Clamping Force of Bolted Joints Using Local Mode Characteristics of a Bolt Head. Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation, 37 (4). doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10921-018-0528-7

Li, Y., Wang, H. (2020). Study on strength and sealing of a bolted flange joint under complex working conditions. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 768 (4), 042030. doi: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899x/768/4/042030

Jaszak, P. (2021). Prediction of the durability of a gasket operating in a bolted-flange-joint subjected to cyclic bending. Engineering Failure Analysis, 120, 105027. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engfailanal.2020.105027

Sato, K., Sawa, T., Morimoto, R., Kobayashi, T. (2017). FEM Stress Analysis and Mechanical Characteristics of Bolted Pipe Flange Connections With PTFE Blended Gaskets Subjected to External Bending Moments and Internal Pressure. Volume 2: Computer Technology and Bolted Joints. doi: https://doi.org/10.1115/pvp2017-65332

Sakamoto, S., Azami, T., Nitta, I., Tsukiyama, Y. (2016). Fundamental study of acoustic leakage through a gap between gasket and flange surface. Journal of Advanced Mechanical Design, Systems, and Manufacturing, 10 (4), JAMDSM0067–JAMDSM0067. doi: https://doi.org/10.1299/jamdsm.2016jamdsm0067

Zhang, M., Suo, S., Jiang, Y., Meng, G. (2018). Experimental Measurement Method for Contact Stress of Elastic Metal Sealing Ring Based on Pressure Sensitive Paper. Metals, 8 (11), 942. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/met8110942

Du, P., Lu, J., Tuo, J., Wang, X. (2019). Research on the Optimization Design of Metallic Gasket Based on DOE Methodology. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 569 (3), 032027. doi: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899x/569/3/032027

Kazeminia, M., Bouzid, A.-H. (2018). Leak prediction through porous compressed packing rings: A comparison study. International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, 166, 1–8. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpvp.2018.07.012

Feng, X., Gu, B., Zhang, P. (2018). Prediction of Leakage Rates Through Sealing Connections with Metallic Gaskets. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 199, 032090. doi: https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/199/3/032090

Gawande, S. H. (2018). Study on the effect of gasket thickness for bolted gearbox flange joint. SN Applied Sciences, 1 (1). doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42452-018-0030-y

Aljuboury, M., Rizvi, M. J., Grove, S., Cullen, R. (2021). A numerical investigation of the sealing performance and the strength of a raised face metallic bolted flange joint. International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, 189, 104255. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpvp.2020.104255

Tang, H. N., Yao, H., Wang, S. J., Meng, X. S., Qiao, H. T., Qiao, J. H. (2017). Numerical simulation of leakage rates of labyrinth seal in reciprocating compressor. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 164, 012015. doi: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899x/164/1/012015

Karohika, I. M. G., Antara, I. N. G. (2019). Gasket Process Parameter in Metal Forming. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 248, 012044. doi: https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/248/1/012044

Karohika, I. M. G., Antara, I. N. G., Budiana, I. M. D. (2019). Influence of dies type for gasket forming shape. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 539 (1), 012019. doi: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899x/539/1/012019

Haruyama, S., Nurhadiyanto, D., Choiron, M. A., Kaminishi, K. (2013). Influence of surface roughness on leakage of new metal gasket. International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, 111-112, 146–154. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpvp.2013.06.004

Zhang, Q., Chen, X., Huang, Y., Zhang, X. (2018). An Experimental Study of the Leakage Mechanism in Static Seals. Applied Sciences, 8 (8), 1404. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/app8081404

Nurhadiyanto, D., Mujiyono, Sutopo, Amri Ristadi, F. (2018). Simulation Analysis of 25A-Size Corrugated Metal Gasket Coated Copper to Increase Its Performance. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 307, 012005. doi: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899x/307/1/012005

Nurhadiyanto, D., Amrullah, A. M., Mujiyono, Kurniawati, J. (2020). An Analysis on copper corrosion SUS304 corrugated metal gasket electroplating. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1700 (1), 012008. doi: https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1700/1/012008

Nurhadiyanto, D., Haruyama, S., Mujiyono, M., Sutopo, S., Yunaidi, Y., Surahmanto, F. et. al. (2021). Improved performance of corrugated metal gaskets in boiler’s piping system through multilayered coating. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 6 (1 (114)), 13–20. doi: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2021.245360

W. S., W., Soenoko, R., Choiron, M. A., Sonief, A. A. (2019). Sealing performance analysis of composite gaskets made of silicone rubber filled with ramie natural fibers. Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences, 13 (4), 6178–6194. doi: https://doi.org/10.15282/jmes.13.4.2019.28.0484

Karohika, I. M. G., Haruyama, S., Choiron, M. A., Nurhadiyanto, D., Antara, I. N. G., Budiarsa, I. N., Widhiada, I. W. (2020). An Approach to Optimize the Corrugated Metal Gasket Design Using Taguchi Method. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, 10 (6), 2435. doi: https://doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.10.6.12992


👁 24
⬇ 29
Published
2022-07-30
How to Cite
Karohika, I. M. G., & Haruyama, S. (2022). Analysis of three-layer gasket performance affected by flange surface. EUREKA: Physics and Engineering, (4), 57-66. https://doi.org/10.21303/2461-4262.2022.002290
Section
Engineering